600 Travis Street

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Height: Occupied
297 m / 974 ft (est)
Height: To Tip
305.4 m / 1,002 ft
Height: Architectural
305.4 m / 1,002 ft
600 Travis Street Outline
Height: Observatory
268 m / 879 ft
Floors Above Ground
Floors Below Ground
# of Elevators
Top Elevator Speed
7.1 m/s
Tower GFA
156,437 m² / 1,683,874 ft²
# of Parking Spaces


Official Name 600 Travis Street
Other Names JPMorgan Chase Tower, Chase Tower, Texas Commerce Tower
Structure Type Building
Status Completed
Country United States
City Houston
Street Address & Map 600 Travis Street
Postal Code 77002
Building Function office
Structural Material composite
  • Core: Reinforced Concrete
  • Columns: Steel
  • Floor Spanning: Steel
Energy Label LEED Gold
Proposed 1977
Construction Start 1978
Completion 1982
Retrofit Start 2020
Official Website JPMorganChase Tower
Rankings Click arrows to view the next taller/shorter buildings
Global Ranking #160 Tallest in the World
Regional Ranking #25 Tallest in North America
National Ranking #25 Tallest in United States
City Ranking #1 Tallest in Houston

Original Companies Involved

• Current Cerberus Capital Management LP; Hines
• Past Prime Asset Management; Texas Tower Ltd.
Developer Gerald D Hines Interests
Design I.M. Pei & Partners
Architect of Record 3D/International
Structural Engineer
Design CBM Engineers
MEP Engineer
Design I.A. Naman + Associates, Inc.
Main Contractor Turner Construction Company
Other Consultant
• Wind Alan G. Davenport Wind Engineering Group

Retrofit Companies Involved

Design HOK, Inc.

About 600 Travis Street

When completed in 1981, 600 Travis Street was not only the tallest building in Houston, but also the tallest granite-clad building in the world, the tallest concrete and steel composite structure and the eighth tallest building in the United States. Originally planned for 80 stores tall, the tower was shortened at the order of the Federal Aviation Administration who declared anything taller than 75 floors for this tower or any other in downtown Houston would be a hazard to air navigation.

600 Travis Street is set onto a full block within downtown Houston’s recliner streetgrid, with two sides of the tower positioned along the sidewalks of the neighboring streets with a windowless chamfered corner at the easternmost end of the building. The tower then rises upward from the sidewalks to its full height without the use of any setbacks or articulations of the façade. The western edge of the tower features a much larger chamfered corner, creating a six sided floorplate shape, five sides of which have exterior windows. In contrast to gray granite cladding on the remainder of the tower exterior, the western façade was given a different façade treatment of stainless steel spandrels positioned between long rows of ribbon windows taking advantage of a column-free 85 foot long span. The western façade’s glazing was installed as a butt jointed glass system without large mullions between the glass panes, offering expansive views towards Houston’s west side. The remainder of the block beside the chamfered western edge of the tower is devoted to a large outdoor public plaza.

The tower’s design had introduced the concept of sky lobbies to Houston, one of which at the 60th floor serves as a public observatory, a design feature which at the time had only existed in buildings located in New York and Chicago. Below grade, 600 Travis Street is built into the subterranean pedestrian concourse network linking many nearby towers throughout downtown Houston, making it an integral part of the local neighborhood.

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