Abeno Harukas Download PDF

Click an image to view larger version.
Height: Occupied
287.6 m / 944 ft
Height: To Tip
300 m / 984 ft
Height: Architectural
300 m / 984 ft
Abeno Harukas Outline
Height: Observatory
287.6 m / 944 ft
Height: Helipad
300 m / 984 ft
Floors Above Ground
Floors Below Ground
# of Elevators
Top Elevator Speed
6 m/s
Tower GFA
212,000 m² / 2,281,949 ft²
Development GFA
306,000 m² / 3,293,757 ft²
# of Hotel Rooms
# of Parking Spaces


Official Name Abeno Harukas
Other Names Abenobashi Terminal Tower
Structure Type Building
Status Completed
Country Japan
City Osaka
Street Address & Map 1-1-43 Abenosuji, Abeno-ku
Postal Code 545-6016
Building Function hotel / office / retail
Structural Material steel
Construction Start 2010
Completion 2014
Official Website Abeno Harukas
Rankings Click arrows to view the next taller/shorter buildings
Global Ranking #146 Tallest in the World
Regional Ranking #85 Tallest in Asia
National Ranking #1 Tallest in Japan
City Ranking #1 Tallest in Osaka

Companies Involved

Owner/Developer Kintetsu Corporation
Design Takenaka Corporation
Structural Engineer
Design Takenaka Corporation
MEP Engineer
Design Takenaka Corporation
Main Contractor Takenaka Corporation; Okumura Corporation; Obayashi Corporation; Dai Nippon Construction; The Zenitaka Corporation
Other Consultant
Façade Pelli Clarke Pelli Architects; Takenaka Corporation
• Interiors Infix Design Inc.; Kanko Kikaku Sekkeisha; Kinso; Nihon Sekkei
• Landscape Studio on Site
• Lighting Bonbori Lighting Architect & Associates, Inc.
• Way Finding Hiromura Design Office
Material Supplier
• Cladding LIXIL Corporation
• Elevator Hitachi, Ltd.; Mitsubishi Elevator and Escalator; Toshiba Elevator and Building Systems Corporation (TELC)
• Steel JFE Steel Corporation; Kobe Steel, Ltd; Nippon Steel & Sumitomo Metal Corporation

About Abeno Harukas

Abeno Harukas' significance extends to its anchoring role in the urban core of one of the country’s great cities, and for its novel use of greenery.

Abeno -Tennnoji railway station, which occupies the podium of the building, is a high-density hub where the number of passengers exceeds 70,000 a day. Abeno Harukas connects the metropolitan railway network to a high-density urban complex, incorporating a department store, art museum, school, hospital, office, hotel, observatory, and rooftop gardens. This multi-purpose network of services maximizes the performance of each function, and connects these programs with various vertical and horizontal circulation paths. In this compact and dense complex, the varied activities of 110 ,000 people energize not only this area, but also the metropolitan area along the railway network extending from the tower.

Sited in a high-density urban area, the shape of the large volumes comprising the tower were determined through various factors, such as impact of wind on the surrounding area, relation to the scale of the surrounding neighborhood, and circulation of occupants. The asymmetric structural megatruss, optimized to the program of the building, forms the void spaces, which offer space for vertical transportation as well as air circulation.

Three volumes with different floor areas are shifted and stacked, drawing sunlight and wind to the center void between offices, creating three-dimensional, cascading gardens. Further gardens placed on rooftop setbacks reconcile the vertical urban landscape with an adjacent park, while the semi-public gardens at the top of each volume are visible through the glass façade, forming a psychological connection to the ecology of the city. The diverse urban activities generated by the confluence of various functions inside transmit to the exterior through the transparent curtain wall. The scale of the tower is related to the existing micro-urban tissue through the use of public pedestrian paths on various floor levels.

Programmatic, structural, and environmental imperatives all intersect productively in this design. The truss frame installed on the upper levels, inspired by the central pillar design of traditional Japanese pagodas, also stabilizes the tower to withstand a 2,000-year earthquake. The voids inside the building are useful for ventilation and heat exchange. The department store’s void channels waste heat inside ceilings and sends the cooled exhaust air to the upper floor’s cooling tower by way of a buoyancy ventilation system. Voids in the office area intake natural light and wind to the central core section and render perimeter hallways as portico-like spaces. At night, cool fresh air is taken into a cool storage system, while hot air is purged.

Single-use buildings usually concentrate energy consumption during certain hours of the day. However, the multifunctional design of Abeno Harukas improves thermal efficiency and equalizes overall energy consumption, contributing to a significant reduction in CO2 emissions. The building’s multi-use design facilitates the incorporation of expansive energy-saving technologies. Waste heat generated throughout the year by air conditioning, essential to department store operations, is reused to produce hot water for the hotel above. Garbage from the restaurants and hotel facilities is effectively used for bio-gas power generation. As a result, CO2 emissions will be reduced by 35% compared with comparable buildings.

CTBUH Initiatives

CTBUH Study Examines Tallest Buildings with Dampers
22 Aug 2018 – CTBUH Research

CTBUH Releases Year in Review: Tall Trends of 2014
Dec 2014 – CTBUH Journal Paper

International Journal of High-Rise Buildings Vol. 3 No. 1
Mar 2014 – CTBUH Publication

Research Papers

Tall Building's in Numbers: World's Tallest Offset-Core Buildings
Apr 2019 – CTBUH Journal 2019 Issue II

The Other Side of Tall Buildings: The Urban Habitat
Feb 2016 – CTBUH Journal, 2016 Issue I

Construction of a 300-Meter Vertical City: Abeno Harukas
1 Sep 2015 – International Journal of High-Rise Buildings Volume 4 Number 3

More Papers

Papers Related to Abeno Harukas

Papers Related to Abeno Harukas

Tall Building's in Numbers: World's Tallest Offset-Core Buildings
Apr 2019 – CTBUH Journal 2019 Issue II; CTBUH Research
There has long been an interest in separating the service cores of tall buildings from the main programmed areas – to create more column-free, easily-configured floor…
The Other Side of Tall Buildings: The Urban Habitat
Feb 2016 – CTBUH Journal, 2016 Issue I; Daniel Safarik, CTBUH
A growing number of tall buildings recognized by the CTBUH, through its international awards programs and research, are noteworthy not so much because of their sheer…
Construction of a 300-Meter Vertical City: Abeno Harukas
1 Sep 2015 – International Journal of High-Rise Buildings Volume 4 Number 3; Kenichi Mizutani, Kiyoaki Hirakawa & Masato Nakashima, Takenaka Corporation
Abeno Harukas is the tallest building in Japan and is located in Abeno, which is one of the three main railway transport nodes in Osaka. This building has a height of 300…
Forging a Supertall Compact City
May 2015 – CTBUH Journal, 2015 Issue II; Tetsuo Harada & Masaomi Yonezu, Takenaka Corporation
Abeno Harukas is the tallest building in Japan and one of the world’s tallest buildings directly over a railway terminal. It connects the metropolitan area railway…
Year in Review: Tall Trends of 2014
Dec 2014 – CTBUH Journal, 2015 Issue I; Daniel Safarik, Antony Wood, Marty Carver & Marshall Gerometta, CTBUH
An All-Time Record 97 Buildings of 200 Meters or Higher Completed in 2014 and 2014 showed further shifts towards Asia, and also surprising developments in building…
Highest Helipads
Jun 2014 – CTBUH Journal, 2014 Issue II; CTBUH Research
In this installment of Tall Buildings in Numbers, CTBUH considers how helipads are used on skyscrapers, and which are the highest in the world. The results were somewhat…
Performance-based Design of 300 m Vertical City “Abeno Harukas”
Mar 2014 – International Journal of High-Rise Buildings Volume 3 Number 1; Kiyoaki Hirakawa, Kazuhiro Saburi, Souichirou Kushima & Kazutaka Kojima, Takenaka Corporation
In designing a 300 meter high skyscraper expected to be the tallest building in Japan, an earthquake-ridden country, full-scale performance based design was launched to…
Performance-based Wind-resistant Design for High-rise Structures in Japan
1 Sep 2013 – International Journal of High-Rise Buildings Volume 2 Number 3; Masayoshi Nakai & Kiyoaki Hirakawa, Takenaka Corporation; Masayuki Yamanaka & Hirofumi Okuda, Obayashi Corporation; & Atsuo Konishi, Nikken Sekkei
This paper introduces the current status of high-rise building design in Japan, with reference to some recent projects. Firstly, the design approval system and procedures…
Abeno Harukas: Vertical City Toward Natural Symbiosis and Sustainability
Sep 2012 – CTBUH 2012 9th World Congress, Shanghai; Tetsuo Harada, Kiyoaki Hirakawa & Yoshifumi Sakaguchi, Takenaka Corporation
Abeno Harukas is a 300 meter tall skyscraper scheduled for completion in Spring 2014; it will be the tallest building in Japan. Sited in a highly dense urban area, the…

Browse hundreds of other papers published by CTBUH members on a range of multi-disciplinary subjects in the Research Papers Library

To submit more information or donate images for this project, please use our submission portal.