Eight Spruce Street Download PDF

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Height: Occupied
252.1 m / 827 ft
Height: To Tip
271.6 m / 891 ft
Height: Architectural
265.2 m / 870 ft
Eight Spruce Street Outline
Floors Above Ground
Floors Below Ground
# of Elevators
Top Elevator Speed
7.1 m/s
Tower GFA
92,903 m² / 1,000,000 ft²
# of Apartments
# of Parking Spaces


Official Name Eight Spruce Street
Other Names New York by Gehry at Eight Spruce Street, Beekman Tower, Beekman Place, The Beekman
Structure Type Building
Status Completed
Country United States
City New York City
Street Address & Map 8 Spruce Street
Postal Code 10038
Building Function residential
Structural Material concrete
Proposed 2003
Construction Start 2006
Completion 2011
Official Website New York by Gehry
Rankings Click arrows to view the next taller/shorter buildings
Global Ranking #245 Tallest in the World
Regional Ranking #40 Tallest in North America
National Ranking #35 Tallest in United States
City Ranking #14 Tallest in New York City

Companies Involved

Owner/Developer Forest City Ratner Companies
Design Gehry Partners
Structural Engineer
Design WSP Cantor Seinuk
MEP Engineer
Design Jaros, Baum & Bolles
Main Contractor Kreisler Borg Florman General Construction Company
Other Consultant
Façade Permasteelisa Group
• Wind RWDI
• (not specified) thyssenkrupp

About Eight Spruce Street

Eight Spruce Street is located in a part of lower Manhattan with few other towers. It is close to City Hall and its adjacent park. The landmark Woolworth Building by Cass Gilbert and the Brooklyn Bridge are its closest neighbors. Its significant height make 8 Spruce Street a prominent addition to the New York City skyline and as the tallest all-residential building in North America adds a significant residential population to its neighborhood. In addition to its 900 residential units, the tower also houses a pre-kindergarten through eighth grade public school, and office space for the New York Downtown Hospital in its base.

The site sits between Spruce Street on the north and Beekman Street on the south, formerly a 100% impervious asphalt topped parking lot. The new project and site design minimizes the building footprint to enable 30% of the site to be developed as landscaped urban plazas which create through block pedestrian spaces on both the east and west sides of the building. These spaces contain outdoor amenities such as landscaping, water features and public seating areas. The West Plaza creates a landscaped setting for a porte cochere that gives car and pedestrian access to the residential lobby.

The development of the form began by using the classical proportions of New York City towers and the traditional setback rules which have created the tall wedding cake designs typical in the city. These guidelines created the initial massing of the building. Then the design developed to accommodate bay windows which the client requested in each unit. Rather than having the bay windows align vertically, they are shifted slightly from floor-to-floor and varied in size from unit-to-unit. The initial massing studies revealed that this created the look of fabric draping over the building, so the design was developed to accentuate this effect utilizing cladding in flat and undulating stainless steel panels. Seven sides of the tower have this configuration, while the south side of the tower is sheared into a flat plane that contrasts the curvature of the other façades and strengthens the sculptural composition. At the base of the tower a simple five-story brick podium ties the tower to the scale and spirit of the neighboring buildings.

Due to the undulating façade each floor of the tower and each residential unit on the seven undulating sides has a different configuration. The apartment interiors were carefully designed to take best advantage of these unique conditions, with large windows framing views and creating window seats on some of the large window sills that are created by the movement of the wall from floor to floor. The bay windows also afford residents the opportunity to step out past the plane of the exterior wall in what the architect has coined “stepping into space” and to have the feeling of being suspended over the whole of Manhattan. The apartments range in size from 450 sq ft (41 sq m) studios to 1,700 sq ft (158 sq m) three bedroom apartments at the top of the tower. All residential units are provided with natural light and natural ventilation to minmize the demands on artificial ventilation and lighting, further, natural daylight is provided for in three quarters of the buildings residential corridors.

The tower was designed using software developed by Gehry Technologies called Digital Project. The software enabled cost and fabrication information to be automatically produced as part of every design iteration, which allowed the design team to optimize the design quality while continually meeting the client’s budget. The project’s exterior wall was completely documented in the 3D computer model. The curtain wall geometries were rationalized into three types of geometries—standard flat panels, moderately shaped panels, and highly shaped panels. The software enabled the designers to apportion the complexity to within the client’s budget. The shop drawings were produced automatically from the digital model and connected directly to the fabricator’s production machinery. This streamlined communication and removed errors. Because of this tight coordination from design through fabrication, there were zero change orders from the contractor on the curtain wall, a significant cost saver on the project.

All new parking is provided on the site underground helping to reduce the impervious site surface. The parking garage mechanical system is designed as a demand control ventilation system. Air flow increases within the parking garage as Carbon dioxide is detected within the garage. This system minimizes the amount of energy used to operate the system.

Several strategies were implemented in the design to reduce energy consumption in the tower. All components of the exterior curtain wall assembly are thermally broken and high-performance insulated glass was used at all glazed openings, minimizing heat loss through the exterior wall system. Light reflecting pavers were used on all roofs to minimize the amount of heat gain to the building and create a thermally protected roof slab. Radiant floor heating is provided in the public spaces to minimize the excessive loading on the mechanical systems and high efficient linear fluorescent light fixtures are used through the residential corridors.

CTBUH Initiatives

Eight Spruce Street Residential Tour
28 Oct 2015 – Tour Report

New York by Gehry Tour Report
3 Apr 2011 – Tour Report

Global News

Frank Gehry to Share His Paperless Design Software
12 Apr 2013 – In an interview published on Wired, Frank Gehry…


Session 2: What Contributes Most to Sustainability in Tall Buildings?
11 Jun 2013 – Dennis Poon, Neville Glanville, Klaus Lother & David Malott

The Design Process of Complex Architectural Facades
20 Sep 2012 – Bert van de Linde, Technical Director, Permasteelisa Group

MFREE-S Closed Cavity Façade: Cost- Effective, Clean, Environmental
19 Sep 2012 – Henk de Bleecker, Group R&D Manager, Permasteelisa Group

More Videos

Videos Related to Eight Spruce Street

Videos Related to Eight Spruce Street

Session 2: What Contributes Most to Sustainability in Tall Buildings?
11 Jun 2013 – Presentation at CTBUH 2013 London Conference; Dennis Poon, Neville Glanville, Klaus Lother & David Malott
The next generation of tall buildings will be judged on more than sheer height or aesthetic appearance. In the context of sustainability, they will also be judged on more…
The Design Process of Complex Architectural Facades
20 Sep 2012 – Presentation at CTBUH 2012 9th World Congress, Shanghai; Bert van de Linde, Technical Director, Permasteelisa Group
Facades form the identity and functionality of high-rise buildings. The “design process” for complex bespoke architectural high-rise facades is an abstract term that in…
MFREE-S Closed Cavity Façade: Cost- Effective, Clean, Environmental
19 Sep 2012 – Presentation at CTBUH 2012 9th World Congress, Shanghai; Henk de Bleecker, Group R&D Manager, Permasteelisa Group
This presentation covers the performance differences of the Closed Cavity Façade compared with traditional single and double skin façades by means of detailed dynamic…
Best Tall Building Americas: Eight Spruce Street: Getting Under the Skin: Façade Innovation
3 Nov 2011 – CTBUH "10th Annual Awards"; Joseph A. Rechichi, Forest City Ratner Companies; John Bowers, Gehry Partners
The façade of "New York by Gehry" at Eight Spruce Street is designed to create a draping fabric-like quality and gives the building its landmark signature look. Inside…
CTBUH 10th Annual Awards Dinner
3 Nov 2011 – CTBUH "10th Annual Awards"; Dinner 2011
The 10th Annual Awards Ceremony & Dinner was held in Mies van der Rohe’s iconic Crown Hall, on the Illinois Institute of Technology campus, Chicago. The 2011 “Best Tall…
Interview: Eight Spruce Street
3 Nov 2011 – 2011 Awards Ceremony/Symposium Interviews; Joseph A. Rechichi, Forest City Ratner Companies; John Bowers & Craig Webb, Gehry Partners
Joseph A. Rechichi of Forest City Ratner Companies, John Bowers & Craig Webb of Gehry Partners, LLP are interviewed by Jeff Herzer during the 2011 CTBUH Awards Symposium…

Browse hundreds of other videos from Council events including conferences and interviews with prominent tall building professionals in the Video Library

Research Papers

New York: The Ultimate Skyscraper Laboratory
Oct 2015 – CTBUH Journal, 2015 Issue IV

New York City Scrapers
Aug 2011 – CTBUH Journal, 2011 Issue III

CTBUH Awards

Best Tall Building Americas 2011 Winner
CTBUH Awards 2011

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