CTBUH 2015 Year in Review
CTBUH 2015 Year in Review
CTBUH 2015 Year in Review
CTBUH 2015 Year in Review
Completions Timeline Completions by Location 432 Park Avenue Completions Timeline Total # of 200m+ Buildings Completions by Country Shanghai Tower Completions by City Completions by City 100 Tallest Completed Buildings OKO - Residential Tower Total # of 300m+ Buildings 2015 Completions Mirae Scientists Street Residential Tower
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Background image: D1 Tower © Enshaa

2015 Year in Review: Record Completion Total

At the beginning of each year The Council on Tall Buildings and Urban Habitat publishes a study and report (download PDF) that examines all 200m+ tall buildings that were completed during the previous year. Click the tabs below to see charts related to each topic. The charts and descriptions are interactive so you can click on them to view more information on The Skyscraper Center, our tall building database.

Completions by Country

 

Note: Only countries with at least two completions in 2015 are included in this chart. One tall building 200 m+ in height was also completed during 2015 in these countries: Australia, Azerbaijan, Bahrain, Canada, France, India, Italy, North Korea, Philippines, Saudi Arabia, Turkey, Vietnam.

For the eighth year running, China had the most 200-meter-plus completions with 62, representing 58% of the global 2015 total, but only marking a 2% increase over its previous record of 61 in 2014.

Indonesia took second place with nine completions, and the United Arab Emirates followed closely with seven. Meanwhile, Russia came in fourth with five completions and South Korea trailed with three.

Completions by City

 

Note: Only cities with at least two completions in 2015 are included in this chart. One tall building 200 m+ in height was also completed during 2015 in these cities: Baku, Guiyang, Haikou, Hangzhou, Ho Chi Minh City, Izmir, Jeddah, Jiangyin, Jinan, Kunming, Lanzhou, Liuzhou, Lyon, Manama, Mandaluyong, Melbourne, Mexico City, Milan, Monterrey, Mumbai, Ningbo, Pyongyang, Seoul, Shanghai, Surabaya, Java, Taiyuan, Tangerang, Toronto, Wuhan, Wuhu, Wuxi, Yekaterinburg

Jakarta, Indonesia had the highest 200-meter-plus completions of any city in 2015 with seven, while Nanjing, Nanning, and Shenzhen tied for second place with five each. The total height of the buildings completed in Jakarta is 1,588 meters.

Completions Timeline

 

The 106 buildings completed in 2015 beat every previous year on record, including the previous record high of 99 completions in 2014. This brings the total number of 200-meter-plus buildings in the world to 1,041, exceeding 1,000 for the first time in history and marking a 393% increase from the year 2000, when only 265 existed.

A total of 13 supertalls (buildings of 300 meters or higher) were completed in 2015, the highest annual total on record. Since 2010, the number of supertalls in the world has exactly doubled, from 50 at the end of 2010 to 100 at the end of 2015.

We currently project the completion of between 110 and 135 buildings of 200 meters' height or greater. Perhaps even more staggering is the fact that 18 to 27 of these buildings are expected to be in the supertall range. If true, 2016 alone would see the global total of supertalls increase by 18% to 27%. Unsurprisingly perhaps, the majority of these will be located in Asia and the Middle East.

Completions by Location

 

Once again, Asia was a major driver of skyscraper completions in 2015, with 81 buildings representing 76% of the 106-building total.

The Middle East had nine completions in 2015, marking the first time since 2009 that the region had less than 10 200-meter-plus entries in a year.

Europe had a big year with eight completions, an annual record for the region, while Central America makes a notable appearance on the list with four.

Completions by Function

 

In 2015, the functional split for tall building completions appears to have remained relatively unchanged from 2014. That being said, all-office completions have hit another all-time record, with 52 buildings (49% of the total). Mixed-use buildings have also achieved impressive numbers, with 30 (28% of the total). In terms of all-residential completions, there were 20 in 2015 – two more than in 2014, representing the same percentage of the total (19%) as last year.

Completions by Material

 

In an interesting turn of events, 2015 saw a spike in the number of buildings completed with concrete structures – 52 out of 106 (49%). This is a dramatic increase over 2014, when only 39 out of 99 were completed (39% of total). Indeed, greater showings from Europe and Central America were the cause of this anomaly, as these regions have a greater tendency to build tall using this material. Equally interesting is the fact that 46 of the 48 composite completions were in Asia, where material availability, seismic requirements, and workforce specializations are such that composite solutions are often the most desirable. Compare this to Europe and Central America, where concrete is often preferred due to its widespread availability and low cost when compared to steel. All-steel towers were very scarce in 2015, with only three 200-meter-plus completions around the globe. One of these is J57, a tower in Changsha, China that was built by Broad Sustainable Building (BSB) in only 19 days thanks to a CTBUH Innovation Award-winning modular construction technique that the company hopes to employ on a 202-story building known as Sky City.

Skyline: Tallest Building by Year

Tallest By Year Shanghai Tower Emirates Tower One Menara Telekom Kingdom Centre Two International Finance Centre Taipei 101 Q1 Tower Shimao International Plaza Rose Rayhaan Shanghai World Financial Center Trump International Hotel & Tower Burj Khalifa KK100 Makkah Royal Clock Tower Hotel JW Marriott Marquis Hotel Dubai Tower 2 One World Trade Center


At 632 meters, Shanghai Tower was the tallest building to complete in 2015 and is now the world’s second-tallest building.

Average Building Height

 

Although the average height of all 200m+ completions seems to fluctuate each year, the average height of the tallest 100 buildings continues to rise as the industry pushes itself further into the sky.

World's 100 Tallest by Location

 

World's 100 Tallest by Function

 

World's 100 Tallest by Material

 

All-steel continued its decline as a primary structural material, comprising only 3% of 2015’s 200-meter-plus completions and 11% of the world’s 100 tallest buildings.

List of 2015 Completions

Rank Building Name City Stories m ft
1 Shanghai Tower Shanghai, China 128 632 2,073
2 432 Park Avenue New York City, US 85 426 1,396
3 OKO - Residential Tower Moscow, Russia 90 354 1,160
4 Forum 66 Tower 1 Shenyang, China 68 351 1,150
5 ADNOC Headquarters Abu Dhabi, UAE 76 342 1,122
6 Chongqing World Financial Center Chongqing, China 72 339 1,112
7 Nanjing International Youth Cultural Centre Tower 1 Nanjing, China 68 315 1,032
8 Fortune Center Guangzhou, China 68 309 1,015
9 Stalnaya Vershina Moscow, Russia 72 309 1,013
= 10 Diwang International Fortune Center Liuzhou, China 75 303 994
= 10 Jiangxi Nanchang Greenland Central Plaza 1 Nanchang, China 59 303 994
= 10 Jiangxi Nanchang Greenland Central Plaza 2 Nanchang, China 59 303 994
13 Greenland Puli Center Jinan, China 61 301 988
14 Ilham Tower Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia 64 298 978
15 Xiamen Shimao Straits Tower B Xiamen, China 67 295 969
16 Kaisa Center Huizhou, China 66 288 945
17 D1 Tower Dubai, UAE 80 284 932
18 City of Lights C1 Tower Abu Dhabi, UAE 62 282 926
19 Al Hekma Tower Dubai, UAE 64 282 925
20 Eton Place Dalian Tower 2 Dalian, China 62 279 917
21 Riverside Century Plaza Main Tower Wuhu, China 66 275 902
22 Bohai Bank Tower Tianjin, China 55 270 886
23 Four Seasons Hotel Manama, Bahrain 50 270 885
24 Tongde Kunming Plaza Kunming, China 54 269 883
25 Jiangxi Nanchang Greenland Zifeng Tower Nanchang, China 56 268 879
= 26 Heilan Fortune Center Jiangyin, China 59 258 846
= 26 Sahid Sudirman Center Jakarta, Indonesia 59 258 846
28 Ningbo Global Shipping Plaza Ningbo, China 52 257 843
29 Nanjing International Youth Cultural Centre Tower 2 Nanjing, China 61 255 837
30 Raffles Hotel Jakarta, Indonesia 52 253 831
31 Chengjieyi Center Huizhou, China 0 253 830
32 5 Taian Dao Tianjin, China 45 251 823
33 Hunter Douglas International Plaza Guiyang, China 59 250 821
34 Xiamen Shimao Straits Tower A Xiamen, China 59 250 820
35 Yunfu Tower Wuxi, China 53 249 817
36 Ahuja Towers Mumbai, India 54 248 815
= 37 Artwin I Incheon, South Korea 72 248 813
= 37 Artwin II Incheon, South Korea 72 248 813
39 Jia Fa Centre Chongqing, China 52 247 811
40 Evolution Tower Moscow, Russia 55 246 807
41 Sinarmas MSIG Tower Jakarta, Indonesia 48 245 804
42 Western International Finance Center Conrad Hotel Chengdu, China 56 241 791
43 Jin Wan Plaza 2 Tianjin, China 58 240 787
44 Arady Office Tower Dubai, UAE 49 237 778
45 The Headquarters Business Park Jeddah, Saudi Arabia 55 236 774
46 Poly Nanhu Plaza 1 Changsha, China 57 235 771
47 Torre BBVA Bancomer Mexico City, Mexico 50 235 771
48 ÏCE Condominiums at York Centre 2 Toronto, Canada 67 234 768
= 49 CASC International Center North Tower Shenzhen, China 50 232 761
= 49 1818 Center Wuhan, China 42 232 761
= 51 SEG-Hitachi Industrial Park Redevelopment Tower 1A Shenzhen, China 65 230 755
= 51 SEG-Hitachi Industrial Park Redevelopment Tower 2A Shenzhen, China 65 230 755
= 51 New Victory Hotel Tower Lanzhou, China 51 230 755
54 Wanxiang City Tower 1 Hangzhou, China 50 230 754
55 Modern Media Plaza 1 Suzhou, China 42 228 748
56 Taiping Finance Tower Shenzhen, China 48 228 748
57 The Leaf Abu Dhabi, UAE 57 228 748
58 OKO - Office Tower Moscow, Russia 46 224 736
59 568 Collins Street Melbourne, Australia 68 224 735
60 CSSD Plaza Suzhou, China 47 222 728
61 Fuzhou IFC Fuzhou, China 48 220 722
= 62 Furama Tower Dalian, China 55 218 715
= 62 Ying Li International Plaza T1 Chongqing, China 52 218 715
= 64 Qingxiu Wanda Mansion 1 Nanning, China 60 216 710
= 64 Qingxiu Wanda Mansion 4 Nanning, China 60 216 710
66 Arady Residential Tower Dubai, UAE 51 216 708
67 Naza Tower 1 Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia 50 216 707
= 68 The Paramount Panama City, Panama 59 214 702
= 68 Pabellon M Monterrey, Mexico 48 214 702
70 Tianhebei Tower Guangzhou, China 55 212 696
= 71 Mirae Scientists Street Residential Tower Pyongyang, North Korea 53 210 689
= 71 BDO Corporate Center Ortigas Mandaluyong, Philippines 47 210 689
= 71 Excellence Houhai Financial Center Shenzhen, China 46 210 689
= 71 Financial Street Nankai Center Tianjin, China 46 210 689
= 71 Suning Ruicheng Phase 1 E06 #1 Nanjing, China 46 210 689
= 71 Suning Ruicheng Phase 1 E07 #2 Nanjing, China 46 210 689
= 71 Suning Ruicheng Phase 1 E08 #2 Nanjing, China 34 210 689
= 71 Moi Tiandi Taiyuan, China 0 210 689
79 SOCAR Tower Baku, Azerbaijan 40 209 687
= 80 U-Residence Tower 2 Tangerang, Indonesia 59 209 686
= 80 Iset Tower Yekaterinburg, Russia 52 209 686
= 82 CCCC South Headquarters Guangzhou, China 50 208 682
= 82 Seaview Condominium @ Green Bay Pluit Tower J Jakarta, Indonesia 48 208 682
= 82 Seaview Condominium @ Green Bay Pluit Tower K Jakarta, Indonesia 48 208 682
= 82 Seaview Condominium @ Green Bay Pluit Tower L Jakarta, Indonesia 48 208 682
= 82 Seaview Condominium @ Green Bay Pluit Tower M Jakarta, Indonesia 48 208 682
= 82 Summer Palace Tower A Shenyang, China 41 208 682
88 J57 Changsha, China 57 208 682
89 Allianz Tower Milan, Italy 50 207 680
90 HSBC Tower Soho Mall Panama City, Panama 41 207 679
91 Chongqing Plaza T1 Chongqing, China 40 207 677
= 92 Sky New York City, US 61 206 676
= 92 Vietcombank Tower Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam 40 206 676
94 Vanke Jinyu Central Tower 1 Fuzhou, China 64 203 666
= 95 AVIC Plaza Xiamen, China 48 202 663
= 95 Zijin Mining Plaza Xiamen, China 48 202 663
= 97 Ichon Rex Tower A Seoul, South Korea 56 201 659
= 97 Tunjungan Plaza 5 Surabaya, Java, Indonesia 50 201 659
= 99 Pinnacle One Chengdu, China 47 200 656
= 99 Qingxiu Wanda Plaza Office Tower 1 Nanning, China 47 200 656
= 99 Qingxiu Wanda Plaza Office Tower 2 Nanning, China 47 200 656
= 99 Qingxiu Wanda Plaza Office Tower 3 Nanning, China 47 200 656
= 99 Hainan Tower 1 Haikou, China 45 200 656
= 99 Central Spring Nanchang, China 40 200 656
= 99 Folkart Tower B Izmir, Turkey 40 200 656
= 99 Tour Incity Lyon, France 39 200 656

Total # of 200m+ Buildings

 

The number of 200-meter-plus buildings in existence has hit 1040, a 392% increase from 2000.

Buildings Entering 100 Tallest

 

The number of buildings entering the World’s 100 Tallest list has remained relatively static over the past four years, with 13 entering the list in 2015, 13 in 2014, 12 in 2013, and 13 in 2012. But this year is particularly noteworthy because it is the first year where every building in the list is a supertall (300 meters or higher). With 18 to 27 supertalls projected to complete in 2016, it might not be long before we surpass the 2011 record of 18.

Skyline: Tallest 2015 Completions

2015 Skyline Shanghai Tower 432 Park Avenue OKO - Residential Tower Forum 66 Tower 1 ADNOC Headquarters Chongqing World Financial Center Nanjing International Youth Cultural Centre Fortune Center Stalnaya Vershina Diwang International Fortune Center Jiangxi Nanchang Greenland Central Plaza 1 Jiangxi Nanchang Greenland Central Plaza 2 Greenland Puli Center Ilham Tower Xiamen Shimao Straits Tower B Kaisa Center D1 Tower City of Lights C1 Tower Al Hekma Tower Eton Place Dalian Tower 2