159
Global
Height rank
600 Travis Street
Houston
Height
1
To Tip:

Height is measured from the level of the lowest, significant, open-air, pedestrian entrance to the highest point of the building, irrespective of material or function of the highest element (i.e., including antennae, flagpoles, signage and other functional-technical equipment).

305.4 m / 1,002 ft
2
Architectural:

Height is measured from the level of the lowest, significant, open-air, pedestrian entrance to the architectural top of the building, including spires, but not including antennae, signage, flag poles or other functional-technical equipment. This measurement is the most widely utilized and is employed to define the Council on Tall Buildings and Urban Habitat (CTBUH) rankings of the "World's Tallest Buildings."

305.4 m / 1,002 ft
3
Occupied:

Height is measured from the level of the lowest, significant, open-air, pedestrian entrance to the highest occupied floor within the building.

297 m / 974 ft
1 2 3 600 Travis Street Outline
Floors
Above Ground

The number of floors above ground should include the ground floor level and be the number of main floors above ground, including any significant mezzanine floors and major mechanical plant floors. Mechanical mezzanines should not be included if they have a significantly smaller floor area than the major floors below. Similarly, mechanical penthouses or plant rooms protruding above the general roof area should not be counted. Note: CTBUH floor counts may differ from published accounts, as it is common in some regions of the world for certain floor levels not to be included (e.g., the level 4, 14, 24, etc. in Hong Kong).

75
Below Ground

The number of floors below ground should include all major floors located below the ground floor level.

4
Height 305.4 m / 1002 ft
Floors 75
Official Name

The current legal building name.

600 Travis Street
Other Names

Other names the building has commonly been known as, including former names, common informal names, local names, etc.

JPMorgan Chase Tower, Chase Tower, Texas Commerce Tower
Type

CTBUH collects data on two major types of tall structures: 'Buildings' and 'Telecommunications / Observation Towers.' A 'Building' is a structure where at least 50% of the height is occupied by usable floor area. A 'Telecommunications / Observation Tower' is a structure where less than 50% of the structure's height is occupied by usable floor area. Only 'Buildings' are eligible for the CTBUH 'Tallest Buildings' lists.

Building
Status
Completed
Architecturally Topped Out
Structurally Topped Out
Under Construction
Proposed
On Hold
Never Completed
Vision
Competition Entry
Canceled
Proposed Renovation
Under Renovation
Renovated
Under Demolition
Demolished
Completed, 1982
Country

The CTBUH follows the United Nations's definition of Country, and thus uses the lists and codes established by that organization.

City

The CTBUH follows the United Nations's definition of City, and thus uses the lists and codes established by that organization.

Postal Code
77002
Function

A single-function tall building is defined as one where 85% or more of its usable floor area is dedicated to a single usage. Thus a building with 90% office floor area would be said to be an "office" building, irrespective of other minor functions it may also contain.

A mixed-use tall building contains two or more functions (or uses), where each of the functions occupy a significant proportion of the tower's total space. Support areas such as car parks and mechanical plant space do not constitute mixed-use functions. Functions are denoted on CTBUH "Tallest Building" lists in descending order, e.g., "hotel/office" indicates hotel function above office function.

office
Structural Material

Steel
Both the main vertical/lateral structural elements and the floor spanning systems are constructed from steel. Note that a building of steel construction with a floor system of concrete planks or concrete slab on top of steel beams is still considered a “steel” structure as the concrete elements are not acting as the primary structure.

Reinforced Concrete
Both the main vertical/lateral structural elements and the floor spanning systems are constructed from concrete which has been cast in place and utilizes steel reinforcement bars.

Precast Concrete
Both the main vertical/lateral structural elements and the floor spanning system are constructed from steel reinforced concrete which has been precast as individual components and assembled together on-site.

Mixed-Structure
Utilizes distinct systems (e.g. steel, concrete, timber), one on top of the other. For example, a steel/concrete indicates a steel structural system located on top of a concrete structural system, with the opposite true of concrete/steel.

Composite
A combination of materials (e.g. steel, concrete, timber) are used together in the main structural elements. Examples include buildings which utilize: steel columns with a floor system of reinforced concrete beams; a steel frame system with a concrete core; concrete-encased steel columns; concrete-filled steel tubes; etc. Where known, the CTBUH database breaks out the materials used in a composite building’s core, columns, and floor spanning separately.

composite
Core
Reinforced Concrete
Columns
Steel
Floor Spanning
Steel
Energy Label
LEED Gold
Official Website
Architectural

Height is measured from the level of the lowest, significant, open-air, pedestrian entrance to the architectural top of the building, including spires, but not including antennae, signage, flag poles or other functional-technical equipment. This measurement is the most widely utilized and is employed to define the Council on Tall Buildings and Urban Habitat (CTBUH) rankings of the "World's Tallest Buildings."

305.4 m / 1002 ft
To Tip

Height is measured from the level of the lowest, significant, open-air, pedestrian entrance to the highest point of the building, irrespective of material or function of the highest element (i.e., including antennae, flagpoles, signage and other functional-technical equipment).

305.4 m / 1002 ft
Occupied

Height is measured from the level of the lowest, significant, open-air, pedestrian entrance to the highest occupied floor within the building.

297 m / 974.4 ft
Observatory
268 m / 879.3 ft
Floors Above Ground

The number of floors above ground should include the ground floor level and be the number of main floors above ground, including any significant mezzanine floors and major mechanical plant floors. Mechanical mezzanines should not be included if they have a significantly smaller floor area than the major floors below. Similarly, mechanical penthouses or plant rooms protruding above the general roof area should not be counted. Note: CTBUH floor counts may differ from published accounts, as it is common in some regions of the world for certain floor levels not to be included (e.g., the level 4, 14, 24, etc. in Hong Kong).

75
Floors Below Ground

The number of floors below ground should include all major floors located below the ground floor level.

4
# of Parking Spaces

Number of Parking Spaces refers to the total number of car parking spaces contained within a particular building.

192
# of Elevators

Number of Elevators refers to the total number of elevator cars (not shafts) contained within a particular building (including public, private and freight elevators).

52
Tower GFA

Tower GFA refers to the total gross floor area within the tower footprint, not including adjoining podiums, connected buildings or other towers within the development.

156,437 m² / 1,683,874 ft²
Rankings
#
159
Tallest in the World
#
24
Tallest in North America
#
24
Tallest in United States
#
1
Tallest in Houston
#
60
Tallest Office Building in the World
#
15
Tallest Office Building in North America
#
15
Tallest Office Building in United States
#
1
Tallest Office Building in Houston
#
95
Tallest Composite Building in the World
#
10
Tallest Composite Building in North America
#
10
Tallest Composite Building in United States
#
1
Tallest Composite Building in Houston
Construction Schedule
1977

Proposed

1978

Construction Start

1982

Completed

2020

Retrofit Start

Owner
Current
Architect
Design

Usually involved in the front end design, with a "typical" condition being that of a leadership role through either Schematic Design or Design Development, and then a monitoring role through the CD and CA phases.

Contractor
Main Contractor

The main contractor is the supervisory contractor of all construction work on a project, management of sub-contractors and vendors, etc. May be referred to as "Construction Manager," however, for consistency CTBUH uses the term "Main Contractor" exclusively.

Other Consultant

Other Consultant refers to other organizations which provided significant consultation services for a building project (e.g. wind consultants, environmental consultants, fire and life safety consultants, etc).

Retrofit Companies Involved

Architect
Design

Usually involved in the front end design, with a "typical" condition being that of a leadership role through either Schematic Design or Design Development, and then a monitoring role through the CD and CA phases.

Owner
Current
Cerberus Capital Management LP; Hines
Past
Prime Asset Management; Texas Tower Ltd.
Architect
Design

Usually involved in the front end design, with a "typical" condition being that of a leadership role through either Schematic Design or Design Development, and then a monitoring role through the CD and CA phases.

Architect of Record

Usually takes on the balance of the architectural effort not executed by the "Design Architect," typically responsible for the construction documents, conforming to local codes, etc. May often be referred to as "Executive," "Associate," or "Local" Architect, however, for consistency CTBUH uses the term "Architect of Record" exclusively.

3D/International
Structural Engineer
Design

The Design Engineer is usually involved in the front end design, typically taking the leadership role in the Schematic Design and Design Development, and then a monitoring role through the CD and CA phases.

CBM Engineers
MEP Engineer
Design

The Design Engineer is usually involved in the front end design, typically taking the leadership role in the Schematic Design and Design Development, and then a monitoring role through the CD and CA phases.

I.A. Naman + Associates, Inc.
Contractor
Main Contractor

The main contractor is the supervisory contractor of all construction work on a project, management of sub-contractors and vendors, etc. May be referred to as "Construction Manager," however, for consistency CTBUH uses the term "Main Contractor" exclusively.

Other Consultant

Other Consultant refers to other organizations which provided significant consultation services for a building project (e.g. wind consultants, environmental consultants, fire and life safety consultants, etc).

Retrofit Companies Involved

Architect
Design

Usually involved in the front end design, with a "typical" condition being that of a leadership role through either Schematic Design or Design Development, and then a monitoring role through the CD and CA phases.

Global News

23 July 2020 | Houston

Hines, the international real estate firm, and an affiliate of Cerberus Capital Management, L.P. (Cerberus), a global leader in alternative investing, announced on 13 July...

About 600 Travis Street

When completed in 1981, 600 Travis Street was not only the tallest building in Houston, but also the tallest granite-clad building in the world, the tallest concrete and steel composite structure and the eighth tallest building in the United States. Originally planned for 80 stores tall, the tower was shortened at the order of the Federal Aviation Administration who declared anything taller than 75 floors for this tower or any other in downtown Houston would be a hazard to air navigation.

600 Travis Street is set onto a full block within downtown Houston’s recliner streetgrid, with two sides of the tower positioned along the sidewalks of the neighboring streets with a windowless chamfered corner at the easternmost end of the building. The tower then rises upward from the sidewalks to its full height without the use of any setbacks or articulations of the façade. The western edge of the tower features a much larger chamfered corner, creating a six sided floorplate shape, five sides of which have exterior windows. In contrast to gray granite cladding on the remainder of the tower exterior, the western façade was given a different façade treatment of stainless steel spandrels positioned between long rows of ribbon windows taking advantage of a column-free 85 foot long span. The western façade’s glazing was installed as a butt jointed glass system without large mullions between the glass panes, offering expansive views towards Houston’s west side. The remainder of the block beside the chamfered western edge of the tower is devoted to a large outdoor public plaza.

The tower’s design had introduced the concept of sky lobbies to Houston, one of which at the 60th floor serves as a public observatory, a design feature which at the time had only existed in buildings located in New York and Chicago. Below grade, 600 Travis Street is built into the subterranean pedestrian concourse network linking many nearby towers throughout downtown Houston, making it an integral part of the local neighborhood.

23 July 2020 | Houston

Hines, the international real estate firm, and an affiliate of Cerberus Capital Management, L.P. (Cerberus), a global leader in alternative investing, announced on 13 July...

26 June 2019 | Houston

The downtown Houston skyscraper commonly called JPMorgan Chase Tower, located at 600 Travis St., and the adjacent Chase Center building are reportedly being sold in...