Torre de Cristal
Madrid Spain
Height 249 m / 817 ft
Floors 50
Official Name

The current legal building name.

Torre de Cristal
Type

CTBUH collects data on two major types of tall structures: 'Buildings' and 'Telecommunications / Observation Towers.' A 'Building' is a structure where at least 50% of the height is occupied by usable floor area. A 'Telecommunications / Observation Tower' is a structure where less than 50% of the structure's height is occupied by usable floor area. Only 'Buildings' are eligible for the CTBUH 'Tallest Buildings' lists.

Building
Status
Completed
Architecturally Topped Out
Structurally Topped Out
Under Construction
Proposed
On Hold
Never Completed
Vision
Competition Entry
Canceled
Proposed Renovation
Under Renovation
Renovated
Under Demolition
Demolished
Completed, 2008
Country

The CTBUH follows the United Nations's definition of Country, and thus uses the lists and codes established by that organization.

City

The CTBUH follows the United Nations's definition of City, and thus uses the lists and codes established by that organization.

Postal Code
28046
Function

A single-function tall building is defined as one where 85% or more of its usable floor area is dedicated to a single usage. Thus a building with 90% office floor area would be said to be an "office" building, irrespective of other minor functions it may also contain.

A mixed-use tall building contains two or more functions (or uses), where each of the functions occupy a significant proportion of the tower's total space. Support areas such as car parks and mechanical plant space do not constitute mixed-use functions. Functions are denoted on CTBUH "Tallest Building" lists in descending order, e.g., "hotel/office" indicates hotel function above office function.

office
Structural Material

Steel
Both the main vertical/lateral structural elements and the floor spanning systems are constructed from steel. Note that a building of steel construction with a floor system of concrete planks or concrete slab on top of steel beams is still considered a “steel” structure as the concrete elements are not acting as the primary structure.

Reinforced Concrete
Both the main vertical/lateral structural elements and the floor spanning systems are constructed from concrete which has been cast in place and utilizes steel reinforcement bars.

Precast Concrete
Both the main vertical/lateral structural elements and the floor spanning system are constructed from steel reinforced concrete which has been precast as individual components and assembled together on-site.

Mixed-Structure
Utilizes distinct systems (e.g. steel, concrete, timber), one on top of the other. For example, a steel/concrete indicates a steel structural system located on top of a concrete structural system, with the opposite true of concrete/steel.

Composite
A combination of materials (e.g. steel, concrete, timber) are used together in the main structural elements. Examples include buildings which utilize: steel columns with a floor system of reinforced concrete beams; a steel frame system with a concrete core; concrete-encased steel columns; concrete-filled steel tubes; etc. Where known, the CTBUH database breaks out the materials used in a composite building’s core, columns, and floor spanning separately.

concrete
Height

Height is measured from the level of the lowest, significant, open-air, pedestrian entrance to the architectural top of the building, including spires, but not including antennae, signage, flag poles or other functional-technical equipment. This measurement is the most widely utilized and is employed to define the Council on Tall Buildings and Urban Habitat (CTBUH) rankings of the "World's Tallest Buildings."

Architectural
249 m / 817 ft
To Tip
250 m / 820 ft
Occupied
210.65 m / 691 ft
Floors Above Ground

The number of floors above ground should include the ground floor level and be the number of main floors above ground, including any significant mezzanine floors and major mechanical plant floors. Mechanical mezzanines should not be included if they have a significantly smaller floor area than the major floors below. Similarly, mechanical penthouses or plant rooms protruding above the general roof area should not be counted. Note: CTBUH floor counts may differ from published accounts, as it is common in some regions of the world for certain floor levels not to be included (e.g., the level 4, 14, 24, etc. in Hong Kong).

50
Floors Below Ground

The number of floors below ground should include all major floors located below the ground floor level.

6
# of Parking Spaces

Number of Parking Spaces refers to the total number of car parking spaces contained within a particular building.

1200
Tower GFA

Tower GFA refers to the total gross floor area within the tower footprint, not including adjoining podiums, connected buildings or other towers within the development.

59,827 m² / 643,972 ft²
Rankings
#
20
Tallest in Europe
#
1
Tallest in Madrid
#
214
Tallest Office Building in the World
#
7
Tallest Office Building in Europe
#
1
Tallest Office Building in Spain
#
1
Tallest Office Building in Madrid
#
222
Tallest Concrete Building in the World
#
14
Tallest Concrete Building in Europe
#
1
Tallest Concrete Building in Spain
#
1
Tallest Concrete Building in Madrid
Construction Schedule
2004

Construction Start

2008

Completed

Architect
Cesar Pelli & Associates
Grupo ACS

Environmental

neabranding

Way Finding

neabranding

Construction Hoists

Alimak Hek

Sealants

CTBUH Initiatives

Videos

19 September 2012 | Madrid

This presentation covers the performance differences of the Closed Cavity Façade compared with traditional single and double skin façades by means of detailed dynamic whole...

Research

13 April 2011

CTBUH Research

Tall buildings are spreading across the globe at an ever-increasing rate. This study demonstrates the relationship between population and tall buildings across those countries and...

See more

About Torre de Cristal

Torre de Cristal is one of four new towers developed as part of the Ciudad Deportiva development in Madrid. The design of the Torre de Cristal is intended to express the optimism and dynamism of the new Madrid. The tower seems to arise from the Earth with great force and aim towards the sky accentuating its verticality. The eye is drawn from the base to the top, which is completed with sloping facets in reverence towards the sky. Due to the differing angles of these facets, some will reflect the light of the sky more strongly than others, giving great life and movement to the total form.

The winter garden, at the top of the tower, will also communicate the message of the ecological aspirations and sustainability of the building. At night the winter garden will become a source of light and attraction that will be visible all along the Paseo de la Castellana and from the northern areas of Madrid.

19 September 2012 | Madrid

This presentation covers the performance differences of the Closed Cavity Façade compared with traditional single and double skin façades by means of detailed dynamic whole...

13 April 2011

CTBUH Research

Tall buildings are spreading across the globe at an ever-increasing rate. This study demonstrates the relationship between population and tall buildings across those countries and...

16 October 2005

Lawrence S. Ng, Cesar Pelli & Associates

Cesar Pelli recently completed the design of two tall buildings: one in Madrid and one in the United Arab Emirates, both extreme climatic conditions. Both...

13 April 2011

Tall buildings are spreading across the globe at an ever-increasing rate. This study demonstrates the relationship between population and tall buildings across those countries and presents information on the average height and age of each country’s tallest buildings.