Torre Garibaldi B
Milan

This project is a renovation and replaced Ferrovie dello Stato 2

Height 98 m / 322 ft
Floors 26
Official Name

The current legal building name.

Torre Garibaldi B
Other Names

Other names the building has commonly been known as, including former names, common informal names, local names, etc.

Ferrovie dello Stato 2, F. S. Tower 2, State Railways Administration Tower 2
Name of Complex

A complex is a group of buildings which are designed and built as pieces of a greater development.

Type

CTBUH collects data on two major types of tall structures: 'Buildings' and 'Telecommunications / Observation Towers.' A 'Building' is a structure where at least 50% of the height is occupied by usable floor area. A 'Telecommunications / Observation Tower' is a structure where less than 50% of the structure's height is occupied by usable floor area. Only 'Buildings' are eligible for the CTBUH 'Tallest Buildings' lists.

Building
Status
Completed
Architecturally Topped Out
Structurally Topped Out
Under Construction
Proposed
On Hold
Never Completed
Vision
Competition Entry
Canceled
Proposed Renovation
Under Renovation
Renovated
Under Demolition
Demolished
Completed, 2010
Country

The CTBUH follows the United Nations's definition of Country, and thus uses the lists and codes established by that organization.

City

The CTBUH follows the United Nations's definition of City, and thus uses the lists and codes established by that organization.

Postal Code
20154
Function

A single-function tall building is defined as one where 85% or more of its usable floor area is dedicated to a single usage. Thus a building with 90% office floor area would be said to be an "office" building, irrespective of other minor functions it may also contain.

A mixed-use tall building contains two or more functions (or uses), where each of the functions occupy a significant proportion of the tower's total space. Support areas such as car parks and mechanical plant space do not constitute mixed-use functions. Functions are denoted on CTBUH "Tallest Building" lists in descending order, e.g., "hotel/office" indicates hotel function above office function.

office
Height

Height is measured from the level of the lowest, significant, open-air, pedestrian entrance to the architectural top of the building, including spires, but not including antennae, signage, flag poles or other functional-technical equipment. This measurement is the most widely utilized and is employed to define the Council on Tall Buildings and Urban Habitat (CTBUH) rankings of the "World's Tallest Buildings."

Architectural
98 m / 322 ft
Floors Above Ground

The number of floors above ground should include the ground floor level and be the number of main floors above ground, including any significant mezzanine floors and major mechanical plant floors. Mechanical mezzanines should not be included if they have a significantly smaller floor area than the major floors below. Similarly, mechanical penthouses or plant rooms protruding above the general roof area should not be counted. Note: CTBUH floor counts may differ from published accounts, as it is common in some regions of the world for certain floor levels not to be included (e.g., the level 4, 14, 24, etc. in Hong Kong).

26
Construction Schedule
2008

Construction Start

2010

Completed

Owner/Developer
Beni Stabili S.p.A.
Architect
Progetto CMR
Structural Engineer
Studio Tecnico Ing. Rom
MEP Engineer
Tekser S.r.l.
Contractor
Maltauro S.p.A.

Elevator

Sealants

CTBUH Awards & Distinctions

Best Tall Building Europe 2012 Award of Excellence

2012 CTBUH Awards

CTBUH Initiatives

Complesso Garibaldi - Tower B Chosen as Featured Building


1 May 2013 - Featured Building

Awards Symposium Puts Spotlight on Achievement, Future


19 October 2012 - Awards

Videos

11 June 2013 | Milan

The next generation of tall buildings will be judged on more than sheer height or aesthetic appearance. In the context of sustainability, they will also...

About Torre Garibaldi B

The Garibaldi Complex in Milan was constructed mainly in the 1980s, but then fell into disuse as the buildings aged. The business district is located in the heart of Milan at the intersection of both underground trains as well as regional trails, along with bus and tram lines, offering an ideal situation in the city. Though this area, along with the Porta Nuova and Isola zones, has been isolated from the city for some time because of its disuse and disrepair, it is now being highly valued for its location and opportunity for sustainable growth.

As part of this renaissance of the business districts, several new buildings are being built. However, in the Complesso Garibaldi, the existing structure of Tower 2 was renovated; a more sustainable solution to demolition and new construction. Many new developments are planned in these districts, but this project provides an alternative approach to the rejuvenation of the area.

The original structure of the tower was completed in 1992, and was in good enough condition to be reused. In addressing the redesign of the façades and the interior components, a highly ecological approach was taken. Located in the heart of Milan with access to a variety of public transit services and districts in the city, creating an icon of sustainability and urban redevelopment was the main goal for the tower.

To create a unique and high-performing building while also drawing on the tradition of Milanese architecture, the choice of materials and implementation of new technology was carefully considered. The stone accents and cantilevered roof recall the rationalism of Milan in the 1950s, while the highly calibrated glazed cavity wall represents the new direction toward a sustainable future in design.

Designing an office building which offers a comfortable working environment with efficient space planning and environmentally conscious features required innovative solutions. The most prominent attribute of the building is its highly faceted façades with unique canted cells reflecting light at different angles. Though this dynamic treatment provides visual interest in the tower, it is also a high-performance ventilated cavity wall. Taking advantage of the stack effect, air is pulled through the cavity in the summer time to keep the interior spaces cool, and retained in the winter to provide additional insulation value. Additionally, motorized blinds are placed within the cavity to combat glare. The system is controlled by a system of sensors, ensuring the comfort of the spaces within.

In conjunction with this passively powered façade system, double-height greenhouses were implemented on the southwest corner of the building, reaching every floor, to provide a buffer against solar radiation in the summer and to act as a temperature equalizer in the winter. The greenhouses incorporate operable windows to encourage natural ventilation in the summer, further decreasing solar gain and increasing user control over the internal environment.

Aside from these major architectural features, the building exhibits many other sustainable features: photovoltaic panels are incorporated into the southern façade; solar hot-water collectors are located on the roof and account for 50% of the building’s hot water needs; a rainwater harvesting system accounts for 13% of the flushing water for toilets; a geothermal heat pump system supplies heating and cooling and reduces conditioning energy by about 47%; and lastly, an integrated Building Management System integrates the controls for all of the building systems into one panel for easy control and automation.

CTBUH Awards & Distinctions

Best Tall Building Europe 2012 Award of Excellence

2012 CTBUH Awards

11 June 2013 | Milan

The next generation of tall buildings will be judged on more than sheer height or aesthetic appearance. In the context of sustainability, they will also...

18 October 2012 | Milan

Complesso Garibaldi Tower B, originally constructed in the 1980s, represents a fresh interpretation of an aging building. It is commended for its adaptive reuse of...

18 October 2012 | Milan

The Complesso Garibaldi stands out as a tall building reuse project, and was a Featured Finalist at the 2012 Awards Symposium. In their interview from...

1 May 2013

Complesso Garibaldi - Tower B Chosen as Featured Building

The project represents a fresh interpretation of an aging building. To view the before and after, it is hard to believe it is the same building.

19 October 2012

Awards Symposium Puts Spotlight on Achievement, Future

2012 CTBUH tall building award winners, finalists and lifetime achievement award winners were not attending the annual symposium to talk about record heights and flashy designs.