2188
Global
Height rank

Turning Torso

Malmö
Height
1
To Tip:

Height is measured from the level of the lowest, significant, open-air, pedestrian entrance to the highest point of the building, irrespective of material or function of the highest element (i.e., including antennae, flagpoles, signage and other functional-technical equipment).

190 m / 623 ft
2
Architectural:

Height is measured from the level of the lowest, significant, open-air, pedestrian entrance to the architectural top of the building, including spires, but not including antennae, signage, flag poles or other functional-technical equipment. This measurement is the most widely utilized and is employed to define the Council on Tall Buildings and Urban Habitat (CTBUH) rankings of the "World's Tallest Buildings."

190 m / 623 ft
3
Occupied:

Height is measured from the level of the lowest, significant, open-air, pedestrian entrance to the highest occupied floor within the building.

178.8 m / 587 ft
1 2 3 Turning Torso Outline
Floors
Above Ground

The number of floors above ground should include the ground floor level and be the number of main floors above ground, including any significant mezzanine floors and major mechanical plant floors. Mechanical mezzanines should not be included if they have a significantly smaller floor area than the major floors below. Similarly, mechanical penthouses or plant rooms protruding above the general roof area should not be counted. Note: CTBUH floor counts may differ from published accounts, as it is common in some regions of the world for certain floor levels not to be included (e.g., the level 4, 14, 24, etc. in Hong Kong).

57
Below Ground

The number of floors below ground should include all major floors located below the ground floor level.

3
Height 190.0 m / 623 ft
Floors 57
Official Name
The current legal building name.

Turning Torso

Type
CTBUH collects data on two major types of tall structures: 'Buildings' and 'Telecommunications / Observation Towers.' A 'Building' is a structure where at least 50% of the height is occupied by usable floor area. A 'Telecommunications / Observation Tower' is a structure where less than 50% of the structure's height is occupied by usable floor area. Only 'Buildings' are eligible for the CTBUH 'Tallest Buildings' lists.

Building

Status
Completed
Architecturally Topped Out
Structurally Topped Out
Under Construction
Proposed
On Hold
Never Completed
Vision
Competition Entry
Canceled
Proposed Renovation
Under Renovation
Renovated
Under Demolition
Demolished

Completed

Completion

2005

Country
The CTBUH follows the United Nations's definition of Country, and thus uses the lists and codes established by that organization.

Sweden

City
The CTBUH follows the United Nations's definition of City, and thus uses the lists and codes established by that organization.

Malmö

Function
A single-function tall building is defined as one where 85% or more of its usable floor area is dedicated to a single usage. Thus a building with 90% office floor area would be said to be an "office" building, irrespective of other minor functions it may also contain.

A mixed-use tall building contains two or more functions (or uses), where each of the functions occupy a significant proportion of the tower's total space. Support areas such as car parks and mechanical plant space do not constitute mixed-use functions. Functions are denoted on CTBUH "Tallest Building" lists in descending order, e.g., "hotel/office" indicates hotel function above office function.

residential / office

Structural Material
Steel
Both the main vertical/lateral structural elements and the floor spanning systems are constructed from steel. Note that a building of steel construction with a floor system of concrete planks or concrete slab on top of steel beams is still considered a “steel” structure as the concrete elements are not acting as the primary structure.

Reinforced Concrete
Both the main vertical/lateral structural elements and the floor spanning systems are constructed from concrete which has been cast in place and utilizes steel reinforcement bars.

Precast Concrete
Both the main vertical/lateral structural elements and the floor spanning system are constructed from steel reinforced concrete which has been precast as individual components and assembled together on-site.

Mixed-Structure
Utilizes distinct systems (e.g. steel, concrete, timber), one on top of the other. For example, a steel/concrete indicates a steel structural system located on top of a concrete structural system, with the opposite true of concrete/steel.

Composite
A combination of materials (e.g. steel, concrete, timber) are used together in the main structural elements. Examples include buildings which utilize: steel columns with a floor system of reinforced concrete beams; a steel frame system with a concrete core; concrete-encased steel columns; concrete-filled steel tubes; etc. Where known, the CTBUH database breaks out the materials used in a composite building’s core, columns, and floor spanning separately.

concrete

Official Website

Turning Torso

Height
Architectural
Height is measured from the level of the lowest, significant, open-air, pedestrian entrance to the architectural top of the building, including spires, but not including antennae, signage, flag poles or other functional-technical equipment. This measurement is the most widely utilized and is employed to define the Council on Tall Buildings and Urban Habitat (CTBUH) rankings of the "World's Tallest Buildings."

190.0 m / 623 ft

To Tip
Height is measured from the level of the lowest, significant, open-air, pedestrian entrance to the highest point of the building, irrespective of material or function of the highest element (i.e., including antennae, flagpoles, signage and other functional-technical equipment).
190.0 m / 623 ft
Occupied
Height is measured from the level of the lowest, significant, open-air, pedestrian entrance to the highest occupied floor within the building.
178.8 m / 587 ft
Floors Above Ground
The number of floors above ground should include the ground floor level and be the number of main floors above ground, including any significant mezzanine floors and major mechanical plant floors. Mechanical mezzanines should not be included if they have a significantly smaller floor area than the major floors below. Similarly, mechanical penthouses or plant rooms protruding above the general roof area should not be counted. Note: CTBUH floor counts may differ from published accounts, as it is common in some regions of the world for certain floor levels not to be included (e.g., the level 4, 14, 24, etc. in Hong Kong).

57

Floors Below Ground
The number of floors below ground should include all major floors located below the ground floor level.

3

# of Apartments
Number of Apartments refers to the total number of residential units (including both rental units and condominiums) contained within a particular building.

147

# of Elevators
Number of Elevators refers to the total number of elevator cars (not shafts) contained within a particular building (including public, private and freight elevators).

5

Top Elevator Speed
Top Elevator Speed refers to the top speed capable of being achieved by an elevator within a particular building, measured in meters per second.

5 m/s

Tower GFA
Tower GFA refers to the total gross floor area within the tower footprint, not including adjoining podiums, connected buildings or other towers within the development.

31,840 m² / 342,723 ft²

Rankings
#
2188
Tallest in the World
#
76
Tallest in Europe
#
1
Tallest in Sweden
#
1
Tallest in Malmö
#
504
Tallest Mixed-use Building in the World
#
24
Tallest Mixed-use Building in Europe
#
1
Tallest Mixed-use Building in Sweden
#
1
Tallest Mixed-use Building in Malmö
#
1137
Tallest Concrete Building in the World
#
51
Tallest Concrete Building in Europe
#
1
Tallest Concrete Building in Sweden
#
1
Tallest Concrete Building in Malmö
Construction Schedule
1999

Proposed

2001

Construction Start

2005

Completed

Structural Engineer
Peer Review

The Peer Review Engineer traditionally comments on the information produced by another party, and to render second opinions, but not to initiate what the design looks like from the start.

MEP Engineer
Design

The Design Engineer is usually involved in the front end design, typically taking the leadership role in the Schematic Design and Design Development, and then a monitoring role through the CD and CA phases.

Other Consultant

Other Consultant refers to other organizations which provided significant consultation services for a building project (e.g. wind consultants, environmental consultants, fire and life safety consultants, etc).

Geotechnical
Landscape
Material Supplier

Material Supplier refers to organizations which supplied significant systems/materials for a building project (e.g. elevator suppliers, facade suppliers, etc).

Construction Hoists
Elevator
Owner/Developer
HSB Malmö
Architect
Design

Usually involved in the front end design, with a "typical" condition being that of a leadership role through either Schematic Design or Design Development, and then a monitoring role through the CD and CA phases.

Santiago Calatrava Architects & Engineers
Structural Engineer
Design

The Design Engineer is usually involved in the front end design, typically taking the leadership role in the Schematic Design and Design Development, and then a monitoring role through the CD and CA phases.

Santiago Calatrava Architects & Engineers
Peer Review

The Peer Review Engineer traditionally comments on the information produced by another party, and to render second opinions, but not to initiate what the design looks like from the start.

MEP Engineer
Design

The Design Engineer is usually involved in the front end design, typically taking the leadership role in the Schematic Design and Design Development, and then a monitoring role through the CD and CA phases.

Contractor
Main Contractor

The main contractor is the supervisory contractor of all construction work on a project, management of sub-contractors and vendors, etc. May be referred to as "Construction Manager," however, for consistency CTBUH uses the term "Main Contractor" exclusively.

NCC
Other Consultant

Other Consultant refers to other organizations which provided significant consultation services for a building project (e.g. wind consultants, environmental consultants, fire and life safety consultants, etc).

Façade

These are firms that consult on the design of a building's façade. May often be referred to as "Cladding," "Envelope," "Exterior Wall," or "Curtain Wall" Consultant, however, for consistency CTBUH uses the term "Façade Consultant" exclusively.

Grupo Folcrá Edificacion S.A.; Nicholas Green & Anthony Hunt
Fire
Öresund Safety Advisors
Foundation
PEAB
Geotechnical
Dr. Vollenweider AG; SWECO AB
Interiors
Samark Arkitektur & Design
Landscape
Material Supplier

Material Supplier refers to organizations which supplied significant systems/materials for a building project (e.g. elevator suppliers, facade suppliers, etc).

Construction Hoists
Crane
Lambertsson Kran AB
Elevator
Flooring
Armstrong World Industries
Steel
EMESA

CTBUH Awards & Distinctions

10 Year Award 2015 Winner

2015 CTBUH Awards

CTBUH Initiatives

Twisting Tall Buildings

18 August 2016 - CTBUH Research

Videos

16 October 2016 | Malmö

CTBUH Video Interview – Claes Caroli

Claes Caroli of HSB Malmö is interviewed by Chris Bentley during the 2016 CTBUH China Conference. Claes discusses the redevelopment of the Malmö waterfront with...

Research

17 October 2016

The Psychological Relationship Between a Tall Building and a City

Claes Caroli, HSB Malmö

Building a tall building in 2002 in a city that has its roots in the 11th century was a challenge. At the time this project...

16 October 2016 | Malmö

CTBUH Video Interview – Claes Caroli

Claes Caroli of HSB Malmö is interviewed by Chris Bentley during the 2016 CTBUH China Conference. Claes discusses the redevelopment of the Malmö waterfront with...

15 January 2016 | Malmö

Monthly Video: Turning Torso

Thursday 12th November 2015. Chicago, IL. Santiago Calatrava discusses the 2015 CTBUH 10 Year Award Winner, Turning Torso during the 2015 CTBUH Awards Symposium at...

12 November 2015 | Malmö

2015 Awards - Session 1 Q&A

Hiroo Mori, Director & Executive VP, Mori Building, Philip Nikandrov, Chief Architect, Gorproject, James Goettsch, CEO & Partner, Goettsch Partners, Jan Andersson, Senior Advisor, HSB...

12 November 2015 | Malmö

Interview: Santiago Calatrava

Santiago Calatrava, Founder, Santiago Calatrava Architects & Engineers, is interviewed by Chris Bentley regarding the 2015 CTBUH Tall Building 10 Year Award Winner, Turning Torso,...

12 November 2015 | Malmö

Interview: Turning Torso

Jan Andersson, Senior Advisor, & Claes Caroli, Chairman, HSB Malmö, are interviewed by Chris Bentley regarding the 2015 CTBUH Tall Building 10 Year Award Winner,...

12 November 2015 | Malmö

Putting a Twist on Contemporary Skyscraper Design: Turning Torso, Malmö

Jan Andersson, Senior Advisor, HSB Malmö, and Santiago Calatrava, Founder, Santiago Calatrava Architects & Engineers, speak at the 14th Annual Best Tall Building Symposium –...

17 October 2016

The Psychological Relationship Between a Tall Building and a City

Claes Caroli, HSB Malmö

Building a tall building in 2002 in a city that has its roots in the 11th century was a challenge. At the time this project...

10 October 2004

Usage of Cold Bent Glass Panes as an Approximation for Doublecurved Surfaces

Karel Vollers, Delft University of Technology

The article focuses on geometric details of a 150 m high twisted tower, the built facade prototype and its general application, as well as material...