26 February 2001

Energy-Efficient Elevators for Tall Buildings

Harri Hakala, Marja-Liisa Siikonen, Tapio Tyni & Jari Ylinen, Tampere University of Technology

According to elevator traffic studies, the traffic patterns in an office building, such as number of starts, round trips, and number of transported passengers, are...

01 November 2000

Passenger Traffic Flow Simulation in Tall Buildings

Marja-Liisa Siikonen, Tuomas Susi & Henri Hakonen, KONE

Elevator traffic can be calculated analytically for only up-peak situations where passengers arrive at the entrance floor and travel to the upper floors. In other...

01 May 2000

The advantage of PMSM technology in high-rise buildings

Johannes de Jong & Harri Hakala, KONE

In 1995 KONE introduced PMSM technology in the low rise volume market with its revolutionary MonoSpace®. The small EcoDisc® machine allowed the complete elimination of...

01 May 2000

Traffic planning methodology

Marja-Liisa Siikonen, KONE

Measurements in office buildings show that passenger traffic intensity is often highest during the lunch hour period. This paper considers traffic planning methods and the...