Bosco Verticale Torre E

Milan
Height
1
To Tip:

Height is measured from the level of the lowest, significant, open-air, pedestrian entrance to the highest point of the building, irrespective of material or function of the highest element (i.e., including antennae, flagpoles, signage and other functional-technical equipment).

118.2 m / 388 ft
2
Architectural:

Height is measured from the level of the lowest, significant, open-air, pedestrian entrance to the architectural top of the building, including spires, but not including antennae, signage, flag poles or other functional-technical equipment. This measurement is the most widely utilized and is employed to define the Council on Tall Buildings and Urban Habitat (CTBUH) rankings of the "World's Tallest Buildings."

115.9 m / 380 ft
3
Occupied:

Height is measured from the level of the lowest, significant, open-air, pedestrian entrance to the highest occupied floor within the building.

107.2 m / 352 ft
Floors
Above Ground

The number of floors above ground should include the ground floor level and be the number of main floors above ground, including any significant mezzanine floors and major mechanical plant floors. Mechanical mezzanines should not be included if they have a significantly smaller floor area than the major floors below. Similarly, mechanical penthouses or plant rooms protruding above the general roof area should not be counted. Note: CTBUH floor counts may differ from published accounts, as it is common in some regions of the world for certain floor levels not to be included (e.g., the level 4, 14, 24, etc. in Hong Kong).

27
Below Ground

The number of floors below ground should include all major floors located below the ground floor level.

3
1 2 3 Bosco Verticale Torre E Outline
Height 115.9 m / 380 ft
Floors 27
Official Name
The current legal building name.

Bosco Verticale Torre E

Other Names
Other names the building has commonly been known as, including former names, common informal names, local names, etc.

Vertical Forest

Name of Complex
A complex is a group of buildings which are designed and built as pieces of a greater development.

Bosco Verticale

Type
CTBUH collects data on two major types of tall structures: 'Buildings' and 'Telecommunications / Observation Towers.' A 'Building' is a structure where at least 50% of the height is occupied by usable floor area. A 'Telecommunications / Observation Tower' is a structure where less than 50% of the structure's height is occupied by usable floor area. Only 'Buildings' are eligible for the CTBUH 'Tallest Buildings' lists.

Building

Status
Completed
Architecturally Topped Out
Structurally Topped Out
Under Construction
Proposed
On Hold
Never Completed
Vision
Competition Entry
Canceled
Proposed Renovation
Under Renovation
Renovated
Under Demolition
Demolished

Completed, 2014

Country
The CTBUH follows the United Nations's definition of Country, and thus uses the lists and codes established by that organization.

Italy

City
The CTBUH follows the United Nations's definition of City, and thus uses the lists and codes established by that organization.

Milan

Postal Code

20122

Function
A single-function tall building is defined as one where 85% or more of its usable floor area is dedicated to a single usage. Thus a building with 90% office floor area would be said to be an "office" building, irrespective of other minor functions it may also contain.

A mixed-use tall building contains two or more functions (or uses), where each of the functions occupy a significant proportion of the tower's total space. Support areas such as car parks and mechanical plant space do not constitute mixed-use functions. Functions are denoted on CTBUH "Tallest Building" lists in descending order, e.g., "hotel/office" indicates hotel function above office function.

residential

Structural Material
Steel
Both the main vertical/lateral structural elements and the floor spanning systems are constructed from steel. Note that a building of steel construction with a floor system of concrete planks or concrete slab on top of steel beams is still considered a “steel” structure as the concrete elements are not acting as the primary structure.

Reinforced Concrete
Both the main vertical/lateral structural elements and the floor spanning systems are constructed from concrete which has been cast in place and utilizes steel reinforcement bars.

Precast Concrete
Both the main vertical/lateral structural elements and the floor spanning system are constructed from steel reinforced concrete which has been precast as individual components and assembled together on-site.

Mixed-Structure
Utilizes distinct systems (e.g. steel, concrete, timber), one on top of the other. For example, a steel/concrete indicates a steel structural system located on top of a concrete structural system, with the opposite true of concrete/steel.

Composite
A combination of materials (e.g. steel, concrete, timber) are used together in the main structural elements. Examples include buildings which utilize: steel columns with a floor system of reinforced concrete beams; a steel frame system with a concrete core; concrete-encased steel columns; concrete-filled steel tubes; etc. Where known, the CTBUH database breaks out the materials used in a composite building’s core, columns, and floor spanning separately.

concrete

Energy Label

LEED Gold

Official Website

Bosco Verticale

Height
Architectural
Height is measured from the level of the lowest, significant, open-air, pedestrian entrance to the architectural top of the building, including spires, but not including antennae, signage, flag poles or other functional-technical equipment. This measurement is the most widely utilized and is employed to define the Council on Tall Buildings and Urban Habitat (CTBUH) rankings of the "World's Tallest Buildings."

115.9 m / 380 ft

To Tip
Height is measured from the level of the lowest, significant, open-air, pedestrian entrance to the highest point of the building, irrespective of material or function of the highest element (i.e., including antennae, flagpoles, signage and other functional-technical equipment).
118.2 m / 388 ft
Occupied
Height is measured from the level of the lowest, significant, open-air, pedestrian entrance to the highest occupied floor within the building.
107.2 m / 352 ft
Floors Above Ground
The number of floors above ground should include the ground floor level and be the number of main floors above ground, including any significant mezzanine floors and major mechanical plant floors. Mechanical mezzanines should not be included if they have a significantly smaller floor area than the major floors below. Similarly, mechanical penthouses or plant rooms protruding above the general roof area should not be counted. Note: CTBUH floor counts may differ from published accounts, as it is common in some regions of the world for certain floor levels not to be included (e.g., the level 4, 14, 24, etc. in Hong Kong).

27

Floors Below Ground
The number of floors below ground should include all major floors located below the ground floor level.

3

# of Apartments
Number of Apartments refers to the total number of residential units (including both rental units and condominiums) contained within a particular building.

71

# of Parking Spaces
Number of Parking Spaces refers to the total number of car parking spaces contained within a particular building.

148

# of Elevators
Number of Elevators refers to the total number of elevator cars (not shafts) contained within a particular building (including public, private and freight elevators).

3

Top Elevator Speed
Top Elevator Speed refers to the top speed capable of being achieved by an elevator within a particular building, measured in meters per second.

2 m/s

Tower GFA
Tower GFA refers to the total gross floor area within the tower footprint, not including adjoining podiums, connected buildings or other towers within the development.

18,717 m² / 201,468 ft²

Construction Schedule
2008

Proposed

2010

Construction Start

2014

Completed

Developer
Architect
Design

Usually involved in the front end design, with a "typical" condition being that of a leadership role through either Schematic Design or Design Development, and then a monitoring role through the CD and CA phases.

Structural Engineer
Design

The Design Engineer is usually involved in the front end design, typically taking the leadership role in the Schematic Design and Design Development, and then a monitoring role through the CD and CA phases.

MEP Engineer
Design

The Design Engineer is usually involved in the front end design, typically taking the leadership role in the Schematic Design and Design Development, and then a monitoring role through the CD and CA phases.

Other Consultant

Other Consultant refers to other organizations which provided significant consultation services for a building project (e.g. wind consultants, environmental consultants, fire and life safety consultants, etc).

Interiors
LEED
Property Management
Vertical Transportation
Owner
Fondo Porta Nuova Isola
Developer
Architect
Design

Usually involved in the front end design, with a "typical" condition being that of a leadership role through either Schematic Design or Design Development, and then a monitoring role through the CD and CA phases.

Structural Engineer
Design

The Design Engineer is usually involved in the front end design, typically taking the leadership role in the Schematic Design and Design Development, and then a monitoring role through the CD and CA phases.

MEP Engineer
Design

The Design Engineer is usually involved in the front end design, typically taking the leadership role in the Schematic Design and Design Development, and then a monitoring role through the CD and CA phases.

Contractor
Main Contractor

The main contractor is the supervisory contractor of all construction work on a project, management of sub-contractors and vendors, etc. May be referred to as "Construction Manager," however, for consistency CTBUH uses the term "Main Contractor" exclusively.

Colombo Costruzioni S.p.A.; ZH Construction Company S.p.A.
Other Consultant

Other Consultant refers to other organizations which provided significant consultation services for a building project (e.g. wind consultants, environmental consultants, fire and life safety consultants, etc).

Interiors
COIMA Image; Dolce Vita Capital S.r.l.
Landscape
Studio Emanuela Borio; Studio Laura Gatti
LEED
Property Management
Vertical Transportation

CTBUH Awards & Distinctions

Best Tall Building Worldwide 2015 Winner

2015 CTBUH Awards

Best Tall Building Europe 2015 Winner

2015 CTBUH Awards

CTBUH Initiatives

Fourth Building Tall Lecture Series: Greening Tall

1 February 2018 - Event

Vertical Greenery Now Free to Download

17 June 2016 - CTBUH Research

Videos

03 April 2018 | Milan

Bosco Verticale – Porta Nuova, Milan

Devised by Boeri Studio and co-developed and managed by COIMA, Bosco Verticale represents an urbanistic and architectural challenge through a new integrated concept of sustainability....

Research

01 July 2018

Towards Resource-Generative Skyscrapers

Mohamed Imam & Branko Kolarevic, University of Calgary

Rapid urbanization, resource depletion, and limited land are further increasing the need for skyscrapers in city centers; therefore, it is imperative to enhance tall building...

About Bosco Verticale Torre E

Bosco Verticale, literally “Vertical Forest,” is one of the most intensive living green façades ever realized. It utilizes an architectural concept that replaces traditional cladding materials with screens of vegetation creating a distinct microclimate that works to improve the sustainability of the structure. This type of design creates an urban ecosystem that encourages interaction between the flora, fauna, and the apartments’ residents. The tower is home to 480 big and medium size trees, 250 small size trees, 11,000 groundcover plants and 5,000 shrubs, which is equivalent to an entire hectare of forest cover.

Along with creating a beautiful façade, the incorporation of vegetation into the structure adds a number of sustainable design elements. The foliage acts to improve air quality by filtering out dust and sequestering carbon, while also mitigating the urban heat island effect and reducing noise pollution. As a whole, the living green façade concurrently stimulates interaction with the surrounding environment while also protecting against it.

CTBUH Awards & Distinctions

Best Tall Building Worldwide 2015 Winner

2015 CTBUH Awards

Best Tall Building Europe 2015 Winner

2015 CTBUH Awards

03 April 2018 | Milan

Bosco Verticale – Porta Nuova, Milan

Devised by Boeri Studio and co-developed and managed by COIMA, Bosco Verticale represents an urbanistic and architectural challenge through a new integrated concept of sustainability....

28 March 2018 | Milan

Building Tall Skyscraper Lecture Series: Naturalizing the Vertical Realm

Thursday, February 1, 2018. Chicago, United States of America. The Council on Tall Buildings and Urban Habitat (CTBUH) and the Chicago Architecture Foundation (CAF) held...

18 October 2016 | Milan

CTBUH 2016 China Conference Plenary 3: Cities to Megacities: The Future Q & A

October 18, 2016. Shenzhen, China.Carol Willis, The Skyscraper Musuem; Chao (Ivan) Wan, Tencent Holdings Limited; Jonathan Ward, NBBJ; Stefano Boeri, Stefano Boeri Architetti; Winy Maas,...

18 October 2016 | Milan

CTBUH Video Interview – Stefano Boeri

Stefano Boeri of Stefano Boeri Architetti is interviewed by Chris Bentley during the 2016 CTBUH China Conference. Stefano discusses the development of Bosco Verticale and...

18 October 2016 | Milan

Towards a Forest City

Shijiazhuang, the capital of the Hebei province in northeastern China, is a metropolis of three million people. It forms part of the immense developing megalopolis...

22 December 2015 | Milan

Bosco Verticale: View From a Drone

An in depth look at the Bosco Verticale, as viewed from a drone, produced by www.droniair.it. Bosco Verticale, located in Milan, was the 2015 winner...

12 November 2015 | Milan

2015 Awards - Session 3 Q&A

Yoram Eilon, Seinor Vice President, WSP | Parsons Brinckerhoff, Kenneth Lewis, Managing Partner, Skidmore, Owings & Merrill, Hin Kong Poon, Deputy Chief Development Officer, CapitaLand...

12 November 2015 | Milan

A Forest in the Sky: Bosco Verticale, Milan

Alida Forte Catella, Founder and CEO, COIMA, and Stefano Boeri, Founder and Senior Architect, Boeri Studio, speak at the 14th Annual Best Tall Building Symposium...

12 November 2015 | Milan

Interview: Bosco Verticale

Alida Forte Catella, Founder and CEO, COIMA, & Stefano Boeri, Founder and Senior Architect, Boeri Studio, are interviewed by Chris Bentley regarding Bosco Verticale, Milan,...

18 September 2014 | Milan

CTBUH Research Seed Funding Project 2013 – Green Living Façade for Tall Buildings: The Bosco Verticale

The possibility of creating green surfaces over the structures is an opportunity which is seen with increasing interest by planners and investors, due to the...

01 July 2018

Towards Resource-Generative Skyscrapers

Mohamed Imam & Branko Kolarevic, University of Calgary

Rapid urbanization, resource depletion, and limited land are further increasing the need for skyscrapers in city centers; therefore, it is imperative to enhance tall building...

17 October 2016

Humanizing the Giants

Swinal Samant, National University of Singapore

The rise in sustainable skyscrapers and large-scale mixed-use buildings has seen the proliferation of atria and sky-courts worldwide due to their ability to simultaneously contribute...

17 October 2016

Increased High-Rise Resilience to Stabilize Cities of the Future

Rudi Scheuermann, Arup

Dense urban city environments consist of an agglomeration of tall buildings. The resilience of cities as a whole depends, among other components, on the resilience...

17 October 2016

Towards a Forest City

Stefano Boeri, Stefano Boeri Architects

Shijiazhuang, the capital of the Hebei province in northeastern China, is a metropolis of three million people. It forms part of the immense developing megalopolis...

01 February 2015

A New Urban Forest Rises in Milan

Elena Giacomello, Università Iuav di Venezia

The Bosco Verticale “vertical forest” in Milan, Italy, takes the definition of “green skyscraper” to a new level, deploying more than 13,000 plants across 90+...

16 September 2014

CTBUH Research Seed Funding Project 2013 – Green Living Façade for Tall Buildings: The Bosco Verticale

Elena Giacomello, Iuav University of Venice

The possibility of creating green surfaces over the structures is an opportunity which is seen with increasing interest by planners and investors, due to the...

16 September 2014

Green Walls in High-Rise Buildings

CTBUH Research

The latest CTBUH technical guide, Green Walls in High-Rise Buildings, provides a thorough investigation of the methods used around the world for implementation of vertical...

1 February 2018

Fourth Building Tall Lecture Series: Greening Tall

The Chicago Architecture Foundation (CAF) and CTBUH hosted a panel discussion on the movement to incorporate green features into tall buildings.

17 June 2016

The Vertical Greenery research report on the high-rise vegetation of Bosco Verticale is now available to download for free.

21 December 2015

Milan Celebrates the 2015 Best Tall Building: Bosco Verticale

An event was held in Milan to celebrate Bosco Verticale receiving the “2015 Best Tall Building Europe” and the “2015 Best Tall Building Worldwide.”

30 June 2015

Council Report Examines the Pros and Cons of Vertical Greenery

The American Society of Civil Engineers reviews the CTBUH report on vertical greenery sponsored by Arup. Executive Director Antony Wood is interviewed on the report.

11 June 2013

Italian Team Wins Research Seed Funding

A research team from Iuav University of Venice, Italy, was named the winner of the CTBUH’s second research seed funding grant during the 2013 London Conference Dinner.