F&F Tower
Panama City
Height 232.7 m / 763 ft
Floors 53
Official Name

The current legal building name.

F&F Tower
Other Names

Other names the building has commonly been known as, including former names, common informal names, local names, etc.

Revolution Tower

CTBUH collects data on two major types of tall structures: 'Buildings' and 'Telecommunications / Observation Towers.' A 'Building' is a structure where at least 50% of the height is occupied by usable floor area. A 'Telecommunications / Observation Tower' is a structure where less than 50% of the structure's height is occupied by usable floor area. Only 'Buildings' are eligible for the CTBUH 'Tallest Buildings' lists.

Architecturally Topped Out
Structurally Topped Out
Under Construction
On Hold
Never Completed
Competition Entry
Proposed Renovation
Under Renovation
Under Demolition
Completed, 2011

The CTBUH follows the United Nations's definition of Country, and thus uses the lists and codes established by that organization.


The CTBUH follows the United Nations's definition of City, and thus uses the lists and codes established by that organization.


A single-function tall building is defined as one where 85% or more of its usable floor area is dedicated to a single usage. Thus a building with 90% office floor area would be said to be an "office" building, irrespective of other minor functions it may also contain.

A mixed-use tall building contains two or more functions (or uses), where each of the functions occupy a significant proportion of the tower's total space. Support areas such as car parks and mechanical plant space do not constitute mixed-use functions. Functions are denoted on CTBUH "Tallest Building" lists in descending order, e.g., "hotel/office" indicates hotel function above office function.

Structural Material

Both the main vertical/lateral structural elements and the floor spanning systems are constructed from steel. Note that a building of steel construction with a floor system of concrete planks or concrete slab on top of steel beams is still considered a “steel” structure as the concrete elements are not acting as the primary structure.

Reinforced Concrete
Both the main vertical/lateral structural elements and the floor spanning systems are constructed from concrete which has been cast in place and utilizes steel reinforcement bars.

Precast Concrete
Both the main vertical/lateral structural elements and the floor spanning system are constructed from steel reinforced concrete which has been precast as individual components and assembled together on-site.

Utilizes distinct systems (e.g. steel, concrete, timber), one on top of the other. For example, a steel/concrete indicates a steel structural system located on top of a concrete structural system, with the opposite true of concrete/steel.

A combination of materials (e.g. steel, concrete, timber) are used together in the main structural elements. Examples include buildings which utilize: steel columns with a floor system of reinforced concrete beams; a steel frame system with a concrete core; concrete-encased steel columns; concrete-filled steel tubes; etc. Where known, the CTBUH database breaks out the materials used in a composite building’s core, columns, and floor spanning separately.


Height is measured from the level of the lowest, significant, open-air, pedestrian entrance to the architectural top of the building, including spires, but not including antennae, signage, flag poles or other functional-technical equipment. This measurement is the most widely utilized and is employed to define the Council on Tall Buildings and Urban Habitat (CTBUH) rankings of the "World's Tallest Buildings."

232.7 m / 763 ft
To Tip
236.42 m / 776 ft
175.9 m / 577 ft
Floors Above Ground

The number of floors above ground should include the ground floor level and be the number of main floors above ground, including any significant mezzanine floors and major mechanical plant floors. Mechanical mezzanines should not be included if they have a significantly smaller floor area than the major floors below. Similarly, mechanical penthouses or plant rooms protruding above the general roof area should not be counted. Note: CTBUH floor counts may differ from published accounts, as it is common in some regions of the world for certain floor levels not to be included (e.g., the level 4, 14, 24, etc. in Hong Kong).

Floors Below Ground

The number of floors below ground should include all major floors located below the ground floor level.

# of Parking Spaces

Number of Parking Spaces refers to the total number of car parking spaces contained within a particular building.

# of Elevators

Number of Elevators refers to the total number of elevator cars (not shafts) contained within a particular building (including public, private and freight elevators).

Tower GFA

Tower GFA refers to the total gross floor area within the tower footprint, not including adjoining podiums, connected buildings or other towers within the development.

60,753 m² / 653,940 ft²
Tallest in Central America
Tallest in Panama
Tallest in Panama City
Tallest Office Building in the World
Tallest Office Building in Central America
Tallest Office Building in Panama
Tallest Office Building in Panama City
Tallest Concrete Building in the World
Tallest Concrete Building in Central America
Tallest Concrete Building in Panama
Tallest Concrete Building in Panama City
Construction Schedule



Construction Start



F&F Properties
Pinzon Lozano & Asociados Arquitectos
Luis Garcia Ingenieros
MEP Engineer
Ingenieria Atlantico

CTBUH Initiatives

Twisting Tall Buildings

18 August 2016 - CTBUH Research

About F&F Tower

The initial concept for the F&F tower, originally known as Revolution Tower, was a purely theoretical idea based on rotating geometry and a prism. This experiment was undertaken in the architect’s studio, and was observed by the prospective client who wished to appropriate the design for their own office tower. Hoping to create a trademark building, the client and design team worked with the original concept to come up with a feasible and unique design. The tower has a concrete structure, allowing each floor to rotate nine degrees from the floor below to create four small balconies for each office floor.

Located on a relatively small site (2,000 square meters) on a prominent commercial street in the city’s well-known banking district, the designers had to address many issues in their process to ensure the building’s iconic status and success. With a strict budget of US$50 million, the site’s set-backs as well as an adjacent gas station with underground wells were overcome to produce the distinctive tower.

18 August 2016

Twisting Tall Buildings

CTBUH has released a study that looks at the recent proliferation of twisting towers creating a new generation of iconic buildings throughout the world.

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