2172
Global
Height rank

Baidu Headquarters East Tower

Shenzhen
Height 189.3 m / 621 ft
Floors 43
Official Name
The current legal building name.

Baidu Headquarters East Tower

Other Names
Other names the building has commonly been known as, including former names, common informal names, local names, etc.

Baidu International Building East Tower

Name of Complex
A complex is a group of buildings which are designed and built as pieces of a greater development.

Baidu Headquarters

Type
CTBUH collects data on two major types of tall structures: 'Buildings' and 'Telecommunications / Observation Towers.' A 'Building' is a structure where at least 50% of the height is occupied by usable floor area. A 'Telecommunications / Observation Tower' is a structure where less than 50% of the structure's height is occupied by usable floor area. Only 'Buildings' are eligible for the CTBUH 'Tallest Buildings' lists.

Building

Status
Completed
Architecturally Topped Out
Structurally Topped Out
Under Construction
Proposed
On Hold
Never Completed
Vision
Competition Entry
Canceled
Proposed Renovation
Under Renovation
Renovated
Under Demolition
Demolished

Completed, 2017

Country
The CTBUH follows the United Nations's definition of Country, and thus uses the lists and codes established by that organization.

China

City
The CTBUH follows the United Nations's definition of City, and thus uses the lists and codes established by that organization.

Shenzhen

Postal Code

518000

Function
A single-function tall building is defined as one where 85% or more of its usable floor area is dedicated to a single usage. Thus a building with 90% office floor area would be said to be an "office" building, irrespective of other minor functions it may also contain.

A mixed-use tall building contains two or more functions (or uses), where each of the functions occupy a significant proportion of the tower's total space. Support areas such as car parks and mechanical plant space do not constitute mixed-use functions. Functions are denoted on CTBUH "Tallest Building" lists in descending order, e.g., "hotel/office" indicates hotel function above office function.

office

Structural Material
Steel
Both the main vertical/lateral structural elements and the floor spanning systems are constructed from steel. Note that a building of steel construction with a floor system of concrete planks or concrete slab on top of steel beams is still considered a “steel” structure as the concrete elements are not acting as the primary structure.

Reinforced Concrete
Both the main vertical/lateral structural elements and the floor spanning systems are constructed from concrete which has been cast in place and utilizes steel reinforcement bars.

Precast Concrete
Both the main vertical/lateral structural elements and the floor spanning system are constructed from steel reinforced concrete which has been precast as individual components and assembled together on-site.

Mixed-Structure
Utilizes distinct systems (e.g. steel, concrete, timber), one on top of the other. For example, a steel/concrete indicates a steel structural system located on top of a concrete structural system, with the opposite true of concrete/steel.

Composite
A combination of materials (e.g. steel, concrete, timber) are used together in the main structural elements. Examples include buildings which utilize: steel columns with a floor system of reinforced concrete beams; a steel frame system with a concrete core; concrete-encased steel columns; concrete-filled steel tubes; etc. Where known, the CTBUH database breaks out the materials used in a composite building’s core, columns, and floor spanning separately.

composite

Core
Reinforced Concrete
Columns
Concrete Encased Steel
Floor Spanning
Reinforced Concrete
Energy Label

Green Star

Height
Architectural
Height is measured from the level of the lowest, significant, open-air, pedestrian entrance to the architectural top of the building, including spires, but not including antennae, signage, flag poles or other functional-technical equipment. This measurement is the most widely utilized and is employed to define the Council on Tall Buildings and Urban Habitat (CTBUH) rankings of the "World's Tallest Buildings."

189.3 m / 621 ft

To Tip
Height is measured from the level of the lowest, significant, open-air, pedestrian entrance to the highest point of the building, irrespective of material or function of the highest element (i.e., including antennae, flagpoles, signage and other functional-technical equipment).
189.3 m / 621 ft
Occupied
Height is measured from the level of the lowest, significant, open-air, pedestrian entrance to the highest occupied floor within the building.
176.7 m / 580 ft
Floors Above Ground
The number of floors above ground should include the ground floor level and be the number of main floors above ground, including any significant mezzanine floors and major mechanical plant floors. Mechanical mezzanines should not be included if they have a significantly smaller floor area than the major floors below. Similarly, mechanical penthouses or plant rooms protruding above the general roof area should not be counted. Note: CTBUH floor counts may differ from published accounts, as it is common in some regions of the world for certain floor levels not to be included (e.g., the level 4, 14, 24, etc. in Hong Kong).

43

Floors Below Ground
The number of floors below ground should include all major floors located below the ground floor level.

3

# of Parking Spaces
Number of Parking Spaces refers to the total number of car parking spaces contained within a particular building.

250

# of Elevators
Number of Elevators refers to the total number of elevator cars (not shafts) contained within a particular building (including public, private and freight elevators).

16

Top Elevator Speed
Top Elevator Speed refers to the top speed capable of being achieved by an elevator within a particular building, measured in meters per second.

6 m/s

Tower GFA
Tower GFA refers to the total gross floor area within the tower footprint, not including adjoining podiums, connected buildings or other towers within the development.

75,994 m² / 817,993 ft²

Rankings
#
2172
Tallest in the World
#
969
Tallest Office Building in the World
#
97
Tallest Office Building in Shenzhen
#
597
Tallest Composite Building in the World
#
488
Tallest Composite Building in Asia
#
67
Tallest Composite Building in Shenzhen
Construction Schedule
2012

Proposed

2013

Construction Start

2017

Completed

Architect
Design

Usually involved in the front end design, with a "typical" condition being that of a leadership role through either Schematic Design or Design Development, and then a monitoring role through the CD and CA phases.

Structural Engineer
Design

The Design Engineer is usually involved in the front end design, typically taking the leadership role in the Schematic Design and Design Development, and then a monitoring role through the CD and CA phases.

MEP Engineer
Design

The Design Engineer is usually involved in the front end design, typically taking the leadership role in the Schematic Design and Design Development, and then a monitoring role through the CD and CA phases.

Contractor
Main Contractor

The main contractor is the supervisory contractor of all construction work on a project, management of sub-contractors and vendors, etc. May be referred to as "Construction Manager," however, for consistency CTBUH uses the term "Main Contractor" exclusively.

Owner/Developer
Baidu, Inc.
Architect
Design

Usually involved in the front end design, with a "typical" condition being that of a leadership role through either Schematic Design or Design Development, and then a monitoring role through the CD and CA phases.

Structural Engineer
Design

The Design Engineer is usually involved in the front end design, typically taking the leadership role in the Schematic Design and Design Development, and then a monitoring role through the CD and CA phases.

MEP Engineer
Design

The Design Engineer is usually involved in the front end design, typically taking the leadership role in the Schematic Design and Design Development, and then a monitoring role through the CD and CA phases.

Contractor
Main Contractor

The main contractor is the supervisory contractor of all construction work on a project, management of sub-contractors and vendors, etc. May be referred to as "Construction Manager," however, for consistency CTBUH uses the term "Main Contractor" exclusively.

Other Consultant

Other Consultant refers to other organizations which provided significant consultation services for a building project (e.g. wind consultants, environmental consultants, fire and life safety consultants, etc).

Façade

These are firms that consult on the design of a building's façade. May often be referred to as "Cladding," "Envelope," "Exterior Wall," or "Curtain Wall" Consultant, however, for consistency CTBUH uses the term "Façade Consultant" exclusively.

Beijing Janho Curtain Wall Co. Ltd.
Material Supplier

Material Supplier refers to organizations which supplied significant systems/materials for a building project (e.g. elevator suppliers, facade suppliers, etc).

Steel
China Construction Steel Structure Corporation

CTBUH Awards & Distinctions

Best Tall Building 100-199 meters 2019 Award of Excellence

2019 CTBUH Awards

CTBUH Initiatives

Videos

17 October 2016 | Shenzhen

Green Work Space in High-rise Building through Openness and Connection

Five years ago, CCDI put forward the concept of outdoor green work space in the high-rise building. These buildings vertically grew and interconnected with structural...

Research

25 April 2019

Best Tall Buildings 2019: Dominant Trends

CTBUH

This year, CTBUH has vastly expanded its Awards program to consider the Best Tall Building category through several classes of height, rather than geographic regions,...

About Baidu Headquarters East Tower

In the high-density setting of Nanshan District, Shenzhen, a new comprehensive research and development (R&D) office building has been built for Baidu Group, consisting of two high-rise towers and a set of interconnected circular courtyards. The East Building consists of two wings, skewed into a V-shaped plan, with the core pushed from the typical center position to the junction of the wings.

The central design concept revolves around the notion of “connectivity,” easily associated with one of China’s largest technology companies. This extends across the towers’ orientation on the landscape, which guides users through the campus from one side to the other, through to its use of a system of external staircases, which also take advantage of the region’s balmy climate. The staircases that sail between the wings of the East Building are planted and provide broad steps, chairs and tables, and even foosball tables, to encourage occupiers to serendipitously intersect and interact during the course of the day.

In a departure from the typical atomized tall office building, public spaces are created at several intervals, as a way of changing the behavior of the high-rise office occupiers and encouraging sociability and creative “collisions.” This affects the floor plans, such that the "thinning" of the traditional core-tube-plus-large-span format has resulted in each standard office plate having a depth of 12 meters. While this has the initial effect of reducing usable office space by 30 percent from what would be available in a more traditional layout, it creates a vibrant core space in the void between the wings, which addresses the client’s requirement that each department is well-connected to the other, physically and visually. The displacement of the core tube to the rear of the V-shaped floor plate enables the office layout to support diversified, distributed, creative and “smart” work units, which can operate with greater autonomy and freedom of movement. A number of informal communication areas are arranged at different locations within the tower, especially where the planted exterior staircases connect, complementing the outdoor green space atop the podium.

The pixelated panel system on the buildings’ façades is an interpretation of ancient Chinese poetry into the binary codes that power the digital age, while also representing the client’s corporate temperament to the world. The façade is made of aluminum-alloy prefabricated members. The exterior side consists of a vertically-oriented, perforated ventilation panel. The interior side is designed with operable ventilation louvers, which provide outdoor fresh air to the interior, without the potentially visually marring effect that operable windows would have on an otherwise tidy and uniform façade.

The connectivity that pervades the project is intended to stimulate the creativity of employees and drive a forward-looking mentality for the company. The dynamic interplay of interior and exterior, combined with the external staircases and the off-set core, facilitate an efficient and aesthetically pleasing model for intra-office communication and collaboration. This was the result of an equally collaborative process between employees, designers and the local urban planning authorities.

CTBUH Awards & Distinctions

Best Tall Building 100-199 meters 2019 Award of Excellence

2019 CTBUH Awards

25 April 2019

Best Tall Buildings 2019: Dominant Trends

CTBUH

This year, CTBUH has vastly expanded its Awards program to consider the Best Tall Building category through several classes of height, rather than geographic regions,...

25 April 2019

Experience-Oriented Design, Connected to Daily-Use Spaces

Zhaoming Wang & Kui Zhuang, CCDI Group

This case study analyzes the creative concepts and technical details of the Baidu Headquarters. The south China building complex is headquarters to Internet giant, Baidu,...

17 October 2016

Green Work Space in High-Rise Building Through Openness and Connection

Zhaoming Wang & Xia Ai, CCDI Group

Five years ago, CCDI put forward the concept of outdoor green work space in the high-rise building. These buildings vertically grew and interconnected with structural...