CTBUH 2017 Year in Review
CTBUH 2017 Year in Review
CTBUH 2017 Year in Review
CTBUH 2017 Year in Review
Completions Timeline Total # of 200m+ Buildings Geographic Diversity Total # of Supertall Buildings Britam Tower Completions by Country Completions List Ping An Finance Center 2017 Completions Completions by Location Completions Timeline Completions by Country Skyland Towers Hotel Estelar Bocagrande CTBUH
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Background Image: Ping An Finance Center
© Terri Meyer Boake

CTBUH Year in Review: Tall Trends of 2017

Each year, the Council on Tall Buildings and Urban Habitat (CTBUH) publishes a study that examines all 200-meter-plus tall buildings that were completed during the preceding year. Click the tabs below to see charts related to each topic. The charts and descriptions are interactive. You can click on them to view more information on The Skyscraper Center, our tall building database.
 

The 144 buildings completed in 2017 beat every previous year on record, including the previous record high of 127 completions in 2016. This brings the total number of 200-meter-plus buildings in the world to 1,319, increasing 12.3% from 2016, marking a 402% increase from the year 2000, when only 263 existed. A total of 15 supertalls (buildings of 300 meters or higher) were completed in 2017, tying with 2015, the first year to break this record. The total number of supertall buildings worldwide is now 126, up from 111 in 2016. This fact is even more extraordinary considering that much of the activity has been in the past few years. The 2017 figure represents a 66% increase in just four years. In 2013, there were 76 buildings 300 meters or higher.

 

Note: Only countries with at least three completions in 2017 are included in this chart. Two tall buildings of 200 meters in height or greater were completed in these countries: Australia, Israel, Japan, Panama, Saudi Arabia, Singapore and Thailand. One 200 m+ tall building was also completed during 2017 in these countries: Colombia, Kenya, Mexico, Qatar, and Sri Lanka.

For the 10th year running, China had the most 200-meter-plus completions with 76, representing 53% of the global 2017 total. Although still the world champion by a wide margin, this is a reduction from 2016, when China had 83 completions, for 65% of that year’s total.

The United States took second place with 10 completions, and South Korea followed closely with seven. Meanwhile, Canada and Indonesia tied for fourth place with five completions each; while Malaysia, North Korea, Turkey and the United Arab Emirates tied for fifth place with four completions each.

 

Note: Two or fewer tall buildings 200 m+ in height were also completed during 2017 in these cities: Nanchang, Bangkok, Chicago, Chongqing, Dongguan, Guangzhou, Hefei, Melbourne, Nanjing, Panama City, Riyadh, Shenyang, Singapore, Tokyo, Xi’an, Zhengzhou, Abu Dhabi, Baoji, Beijing, Calgary, Cartagena, Colombo, Dalian, Doha, Foshan, Fuzhou, Giv'atayim, Hong Kong, Houston, Huizhou, Izmir, Johor Bahru, Lanzhou, Lianyungang, Liuzhou, Los Angeles, Nairobi, Nantong, Philadelphia, San Pedro Garza Garcia, Sanya, Seattle, Suzhou, Tel Aviv, Tianjin, Xiamen, Xuzhou, Yantai, Yinchuan, Zhanjiang, and Zhuhai.

For the second year in a row, Shenzhen had the highest number of 200-meter-plus completions of any city in 2017 with 12 (once again, more than any country other than China managed to complete), while China’s Nanning took second place with seven completions and Chengdu tied Indonesia’s Jakarta with five. This year was remarkable in that the number of cities with at least one 200-meter building completion jumped to 69, from 54 in 2016.

 

Asia retained its status as the world’s skyscraper epicenter in 2017, completing 109 buildings, representing 76% of the 144-building total. This is an increase from the 105 total, but a small decline from the 83% share held in 2016.

The Middle East matched its average of 2015 and 2016 numbers with nine completions in 2017. North America more than doubled its record for 2016, with 15 completions. Europe doubled its 2016 output with four buildings of 150 meters’ or greater height. Central America had three completions for 2% of the world total, while Oceania had two completions, and Africa and South America had one each.

 

The functional share of tall buildings in 2017 proved to be among the most interesting discoveries in the study. Completed buildings with all-office functions fell to 56, or 39% of the total, compared to 67, or 52% of completions in 2016. Meanwhile, buildings with all-residential functions spiked to 49, or 34% of the total, from just 19, or 15% of the total in 2016. The proportion of tall buildings 200 meters and higher with mixed functions was reduced to 26% from 30% in 2016, although the raw number, 38, remained the same. Continuing the trend from last year, only one all-hotel building was completed in 2017. The reasons for this are not clear. It is tempting to speculate that we are now seeing the built results of a full-blown recovery from the 2008 economic crisis, as greater confidence in single-function programs sparks a resurgence in speculative residential development. Further, there has been growing interest over the past several years in residential real-estate investment by absentee owners as a wealth management strategy. However, market dynamics vary greatly between nations and regions, so it’s likely there are other factors in the story.

 

Of the 144 buildings of 200 meters or greater height completed in 2017, 74, or 51%, used concrete as the main structural material; while 64, or 44% used a composite of steel and concrete. The significant use of concrete can be attributed to a combination of concrete’s relative ubiquity and lower cost in many regions, as well as its comparative simplicity in construction, which would increase its appeal in regions with lower-skilled labor pools. In 2017, two buildings had all-steel construction, consistent with the 2016 figure. As of this writing, there were only seventeen 200-meter-plus buildings currently under construction that employed all-steel structural systems. Of course, it needs to be remembered that concrete construction normally contains substantial amounts of steel reinforcement bar (rebar), and that “composite” construction uses differing proportions of structural steel and concrete, playing to the strengths of each under different force conditions.

 

The distribution of the World’s 100 Tallest buildings broadly reflects that of the wider set of 200 meter-plus buildings worldwide. Asia leads with 54, followed by the Middle East with 26, North America with 15, and Europe with four.

 

Mixed-use functions continue to dominate the functional mix of the tallest 100 buildings, with 46 buildings, an increase from 41 in 2016. Meanwhile, office functions take a slightly lower share in 2017, with 38 buildings, down from 40 in 2016 and equal to the 2015 figure. Residential and hotel functions have shrunk as a proportion once again, with 11 and five buildings, respectively, down from 12 and seven in 2016.

 

The 100 Tallest list continues to be dominated by composite construction, with 51 buildings employing composite systems, equal to the 2016 numbers. All-concrete buildings decreased by one to 34 from 35 in 2016. Those buildings reported as being of “mixed” construction, in which distinctive sections of the buildings are predominantly steel or concrete, increased to five in 2017, from four in 2016.

Skyline: Tallest Building by Year

Tallest By Year 2017 Menara TM Kingdom Centre Two International Finance Centre Taipei 101 Q1 Tower Shimao International Plaza Rose Rayhaan Shanghai World Financial Center Trump International Hotel & Tower Burj Khalifa KK100 Makkah Royal Clock Tower Hotel JW Marriott Marquis Hotel Dubai Tower 2 One World Trade Center Shanghai Tower Guangzhou CTF Finance Centre Ping An Finance Center


Ping An Finance Center, Shenzhen, was the tallest building to complete in 2017, at 599 meters. It is now the second-tallest building in China, and the fourth-tallest building in the world.

Skyline: Tallest 2017 Completions

2017 Skyline Ping An Finance Center Lotte World Tower Marina 101 The Address Boulevard Ahmed Abdul Rahim Al Attar Tower Wilshire Grand Center Yuexiu Fortune Center Tower 1 Hon Kwok City Center Yantai Shimao No. 1 The Harbour Zhuhai St. Regis Hotel & Office Tower Guangxi Finance Plaza Sinar Mas Center 1 Jiuzhou International Tower Poly Pazhou C2 Huachuang International Plaza Tower 1 Jin Wan Plaza 9 Shum Yip Upperhills Tower 2 China World Trade Center Phase 3B Concord International Centre Skyland Istanbul
 

The average height of 200 meter-plus buildings completed in 2017 was 244 meters, up from 238 meters in 2016. The average height of the World’s 100 Tallest Buildings continues to climb, hitting 372 meters in 2017, up from 363 meters in 2016. Meanwhile, the average height of the 20 tallest 200 meter-plus completions in 2017 has hit a new record high of 348 meters, up from 316 meters in 2016.

 

In 2017, 144 buildings of 200 meters’ height or greater were completed, setting a new record for annual tall building completions and marking the fourth consecutive record-breaking year. This brings the total number of 200-meter-plus buildings in the world to 1,319, increasing 12.3% from 1,175 in 2016, and marking a 402% increase from the year 2000, when only 263 existed.

 

While many of the trends in the 2017 report represent continuations of those observed in previous years, one marked difference is the widening range of geographic diversity in terms of where 200-meter-and-taller buildings are located. A total of with 69 cities across 23 countries are represented in the data, up from 54 cities across 18 countries in 2016 , suggesting increasing urbanization levels around the world.

 

A total of 15 supertalls completed in 2017 – more than any year previous – but only 14 entered the 100 Tallest list, indicating that the threshold for being included in the 100 Tallest keeps rising (See Average Building Height).

List of 2017 Completions

Rank Building Name City Stories m ft
1 Ping An Finance Center Shenzhen, China 115 599 1965
2 Lotte World Tower Seoul, South Korea 123 555 1819
3 Marina 101 Dubai, United Arab Emirates 101 425 1394
4 The Address Boulevard Dubai, United Arab Emirates 73 370 1214
5 Ahmed Abdul Rahim Al Attar Tower Dubai, United Arab Emirates 76 342 1122
6 Wilshire Grand Center Los Angeles, United States 62 335 1100
7 Yuexiu Fortune Center Tower 1 Wuhan, China 69 330 1083
8 Hon Kwok City Center Shenzhen, China 80 329 1081
9 Yantai Shimao No. 1 The Harbour Yantai, China 59 323 1060
10 Zhuhai St. Regis Hotel & Office Tower Zhuhai, China 61 323 1059
11 Guangxi Finance Plaza Nanning, China 68 321 1053
12 Sinar Mas Center 1 Shanghai, China 65 320 1050
13 Jiuzhou International Tower Nanning, China 71 318 1043
14 Poly Pazhou C2 Guangzhou, China 61 311 1020
15 Huachuang International Plaza Tower 1 Changsha, China 66 300 984
16 Jin Wan Plaza 9 Tianjin, China 66 300 983
17 Shum Yip Upperhills Tower 2 Shenzhen, China 62 299 982
18 China World Trade Center Phase 3B Beijing, China 59 296 970
19 Concord International Centre Chongqing, China 64 290 951
= 20 Skyland Office Tower Istanbul, Turkey 65 284 932
= 20 Skyland Residential Tower Istanbul, Turkey 64 284 932
= 22 Greenland Zhengzhou Central Plaza North Tower Zhengzhou, China 63 284 931
= 22 Greenland Zhengzhou Central Plaza South Tower Zhengzhou, China 63 284 931
= 24 Metropol Tower Istanbul Istanbul, Turkey 58 280 919
= 24 China Resources Center 2 Hefei, China 65 280 919
26 Bodi Center Tower C Hangzhou, China 57 280 918
27 Torre KOI San Pedro Garza García, Mexico 65 279 916
28 Ryomyong Street Apartment Building Pyongyang, North Korea 82 270 886
= 29 Suning Plaza Tower A Xuzhou, China 62 266 873
= 29 One Avighna Park Mumbai, India 64 266 873
31 New World Centre Hong Kong, China 63 265 869
32 Menara Astra Jakarta, Indonesia 50 262 858
33 Vanke Chang'an Center Dongguan, China 60 260 853
34 One Bloor Street East Toronto, Canada 75 257 844
= 35 Raffles City Hangzhou Tower 1 Hangzhou, China 61 256 841
= 35 Raffles City Hangzhou Tower 2 Hangzhou, China 59 256 841
37 CITIC Ruibo Tower 1 Shanghai, China 55 256 840
38 Trump Tower At Century City Makati, Philippines 58 251 822
39 Banghua World Trade Center Guangzhou, China 55 250 820
40 The Shang Salcedo Makati, Philippines 67 250 820
41 Shenzhen University Subway Station Tower Shenzhen, China 51 249 817
= 42 Jinmao International Plaza Tower 1 Changsha, China 52 248 814
= 42 Jinmao International Plaza Tower 2 Changsha, China 52 248 814
44 Brookfield Place Tower One Calgary, Canada 56 247 810
= 45 The-W 101 Busan, South Korea 69 246 808
= 45 The-W 102 Busan, South Korea 69 246 808
= 45 The-W 103 Busan, South Korea 69 246 808
= 45 The-W 104 Busan, South Korea 69 246 808
49 Tencent Seafront Tower 1 Shenzhen, China 50 246 806
= 50 Changjiang Media Tower Wuhan, China 49 243 797
= 50 Setia Eco City - Vogue Suite One Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia 63 243 797
= 52 Sandy Federal Tower Fuzhou, China 55 240 787
= 52 Shuibei Jewelry Headquarters Tower 1 Shenzhen, China 48 240 787
= 52 Ryomyong Street 70-Storey Building Pyongyang, North Korea 70 240 787
55 Menam Residence Bangkok, Thailand 59 239 785
= 56 Azrieli Sarona Tel Aviv, Israel 53 238 781
= 56 Hunan Daily Media Center Changsha, China 54 238 781
= 56 CITIC Ruibo Tower 2 Shanghai, China 52 238 781
59 50 West New York City, United States 64 237 778
= 60 Wuhan International Financial Plaza Wuhan, China 51 237 778
= 60 V on Shenton Residential Tower Singapore, Singapore 54 237 778
62 Madison Square Park Tower New York City, United States 63 237 777
63 Strait Pearl Plaza Xiamen, China 50 235 770
64 Harbour Plaza Residences East Toronto, Canada 66 233 764
65 Lihe Tower Shenzhen, China 48 231 757
66 609 Main at Texas Houston, United States 50 230 755
= 67 Rongchao Headquarters Tower Shenzhen, China 54 230 755
= 67 China Merchants Bank Tower Nanjing, China 48 230 755
69 Grand Hyatt Colombo Colombo, Sri Lanka 47 230 753
70 Lanzhou Center Office Tower Lanzhou, China 40 229 751
71 Elite 500 Dos Mares Panama City, Panama 60 228 748
72 Al Asmakh Tower Doha, Qatar 34 227 745
73 Marina One Singapore, Singapore 30 225 740
74 Coastal Center Shenzhen, China 46 225 738
75 Shenyang New World Center Tower C Shenyang, China 57 224 736
76 Harbour Plaza Residences West Toronto, Canada 62 224 735
77 River Point Chicago, United States 52 223 732
= 78 World Crest Mumbai, India 57 223 730
= 78 FMC Tower at Cira Centre South Philadelphia, United States 49 223 730
= 78 3 Manhattan West New York City, United States 64 223 730
81 Optical Valley New World Center A Wuhan, China 44 222 729
= 82 Shenzhen Energy Headquarters North Tower Shenzhen, China 43 222 728
= 82 Tianxi Twin Towers 1 Chengdu, China 65 222 728
= 82 Tianxi Twin Towers 2 Chengdu, China 65 222 728
= 82 MARQUE Sukhumvit Bangkok, Thailand 50 222 728
86 Suzhou Center Plaza 1 Suzhou, China 56 222 727
87 150 North Riverside Chicago, United States 50 221 724
88 Landscape-Brilliant Center Hefei, China 50 221 723
89 Telkom Landmark Tower 2 Jakarta, Indonesia 46 220 722
= 90 The Altus Johor Bahru, Malaysia 60 220 722
= 90 Yintai Center Tower 1 Chengdu, China 52 220 722
= 90 Horoy Times Square A Shenzhen, China 46 220 722
= 90 Kaisa Center Phase 3 Huizhou, China 45 220 722
= 90 Zhanjiang Fortune Meeting Zhanjiang, China 45 220 722
= 95 Light House Melbourne, Australia 69 218 715
= 95 Maike Business Center Tower 1 Xi An, China 50 218 715
97 Evolution Tower Panama City, Panama 54 218 715
98 Shenyang New World Center Tower E Shenyang, China 55 218 714
= 99 Genyuan Marriott Hotel Yinchuan, China 50 216 709
= 99 Mistral Office Tower Izmir, Turkey 48 216 709
101 Chancheng Greenland Center Phase 2 Office Tower 1 Foshan, China 48 214 702
102 Lodha Venezia Tower A Mumbai, India 68 214 700
= 103 The Sentral Residences Tower A Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia 58 210 690
= 103 The Sentral Residences Tower B Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia 58 210 690
= 105 Greenland Center Tower 8 Nanning, China 47 210 689
= 105 Fortune Center Residential Tower 2 Liuzhou, China 60 210 689
= 105 Fortune Financial Centre Chongqing, China 45 210 689
= 105 SINIC Center Nanchang, China 35 210 689
= 105 Ryomyong Street 55-Storey Building Pyongyang, North Korea 55 210 689
110 FWD Tower Jakarta, Indonesia 40 209 687
111 The Beekman Hotel & Residences New York City, United States 47 209 687
112 Horizon Skyline Garden Office Tower Shenzhen, China 44 209 686
113 The Parkhouse Nishi Shinjuku Tower 60 Tokyo, Japan 60 209 686
= 114 Huijing Center Tower 1 Dongguan, China 52 208 682
= 114 Sunshine International Tower Lianyungang, China 60 208 682
= 114 CECIC Headquarters Nanchang, China 208 682
117 Rosewood Sanya and International Finance Forum Sanya, China 46 207 680
118 Wynn International Financial Center Xi An, China 46 206 675
119 Akasaka Intercity AIR Tokyo, Japan 37 205 673
= 120 Al Rajhi Bank Tower Riyadh, Saudi Arabia 36 205 673
= 120 Eternity Apartment @ District 8 Jakarta, Indonesia 51 205 673
= 120 Infinity Apartment @ District 8 Jakarta, Indonesia 51 205 673
= 120 Horizon Tower A Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates 63 205 673
= 120 Harmony Square Nantong, China 47 205 673
125 88 Scott Toronto, Canada 58 204 669
126 Baoji IFC Baoji, China 41 203 667
= 127 Triumph One #1 Nanning, China 47 203 666
= 127 Triumph One #2 Nanning, China 47 203 666
= 129 EQ Tower Melbourne, Australia 63 202 663
= 129 Hotel Estelar Bocagrande Cartagena, Colombia 52 202 663
131 The Shahar Tower Givatayim, Israel 52 202 661
132 F5 Tower Seattle, United States 43 201 660
= 133 Triumph One #3 Nanning, China 46 200 657
= 133 Triumph One #4 Nanning, China 46 200 657
135 Britam Tower Nairobi, Kenya 31 200 656
= 136 Three Central Makati, Philippines 51 200 656
= 136 Chengdu World Financial Center 1 Chengdu, China 46 200 656
= 136 Chengdu World Financial Center 2 Chengdu, China 46 200 656
= 136 Nanjing Financial City Tower 4 Nanjing, China 46 200 656
= 136 Seoul Trimage Tower I Seoul, South Korea 47 200 656
= 136 Seoul Trimage Tower II Seoul, South Korea 47 200 656
= 136 Ryomyong Street 50-Storey Building Pyongyang, North Korea 50 200 656
= 136 Al-Obeikan Hilton Tower Hotel Riyadh, Saudi Arabia 35 200 656
= 136 Victoria Mansion Tower 1 Dalian, China 57 200 656

Top 30 Projected 2018 Completions

Rank Building Name City Stories m ft
1 Goldin Finance 117 Tianjin, China 128 597 1957
2 China Zun Tower Beijing, China 108 528 1732
3 Lakhta Center St. Petersburg, Russia 86 462 1516
4 Changsha IFS Tower T1 Changsha, China 94 452 1483
5 Suzhou IFS Suzhou, China 98 450 1476
6 Wuhan Center Tower Wuhan, China 88 438 1437
7 China Resources Headquarters Shenzhen, China 67 393 1288
8 Capital Market Authority Tower Riyadh, Saudi Arabia 76 385 1263
9 Nanning Logan Century 1 Nanning, China 82 381 1251
10 Hanking Center Tower Shenzhen, China 73 350 1148
11 Xiamen Cross Strait Financial Centre Xiamen, China 68 344 1128
12 Four Seasons Place Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia 65 343 1124
13 Comcast Technology Center Philadelphia, United States 59 342 1121
14 One Shenzhen Bay Tower 7 Shenzhen, China 71 341 1120
15 Suning Plaza Tower 1 Zhenjiang, China 77 341 1120
16 DAMAC Heights Dubai, United Arab Emirates 88 335 1100
= 17 Twin Towers Guiyang, East Tower Guiyang, China 74 335 1099
= 17 Twin Towers Guiyang, West Tower Guiyang, China 74 335 1099
19 3 World Trade Center New York City, United States 69 329 1079
20 Baoneng Center Shenzhen, China 65 327 1074
21 Salesforce Tower San Francisco, United States 61 326 1070
= 22 Changsha IFS Tower T2 Changsha, China 63 315 1033
= 22 Magnolias Waterfront Residences Tower 1 Bangkok, Thailand 70 315 1033
24 Guangfa Securities Headquarters Guangzhou, China 62 308 1010
25 KAFD World Trade Center Riyadh, Saudi Arabia 67 304 997
= 26 NBK Tower Kuwait City, Kuwait 59 300 984
= 26 Shenglong Global Center Fuzhou, China 57 300 984
= 26 Al Habtoor City Tower 1 Dubai, United Arab Emirates 74 300 984
= 26 Al Habtoor City Tower 2 Dubai, United Arab Emirates 74 300 984
30 Four Seasons Hotel and Private Residences and Capella Hotel Bangkok, Thailand 73 300 983