636
Global
Height rank
Lee Garden One
Hong Kong
Height
1
To Tip:

Height is measured from the level of the lowest, significant, open-air, pedestrian entrance to the highest point of the building, irrespective of material or function of the highest element (i.e., including antennae, flagpoles, signage and other functional-technical equipment).

240.4 m / 789 ft
2
Architectural:

Height is measured from the level of the lowest, significant, open-air, pedestrian entrance to the architectural top of the building, including spires, but not including antennae, signage, flag poles or other functional-technical equipment. This measurement is the most widely utilized and is employed to define the Council on Tall Buildings and Urban Habitat (CTBUH) rankings of the "World's Tallest Buildings."

240.4 m / 789 ft
3
Occupied:

Height is measured from the level of the lowest, significant, open-air, pedestrian entrance to the highest occupied floor within the building.

198 m / 650 ft
1 2 3 Lee Garden One Outline
Floors
Above Ground

The number of floors above ground should include the ground floor level and be the number of main floors above ground, including any significant mezzanine floors and major mechanical plant floors. Mechanical mezzanines should not be included if they have a significantly smaller floor area than the major floors below. Similarly, mechanical penthouses or plant rooms protruding above the general roof area should not be counted. Note: CTBUH floor counts may differ from published accounts, as it is common in some regions of the world for certain floor levels not to be included (e.g., the level 4, 14, 24, etc. in Hong Kong).

50
Below Ground

The number of floors below ground should include all major floors located below the ground floor level.

4
Height 240.4 m / 788.5 ft
Floors 50
Official Name

The current legal building name.

Lee Garden One
Other Names

Other names the building has commonly been known as, including former names, common informal names, local names, etc.

Manulife Plaza
Name of Complex

A complex is a group of buildings which are designed and built as pieces of a greater development.

Type

CTBUH collects data on two major types of tall structures: 'Buildings' and 'Telecommunications / Observation Towers.' A 'Building' is a structure where at least 50% of the height is occupied by usable floor area. A 'Telecommunications / Observation Tower' is a structure where less than 50% of the structure's height is occupied by usable floor area. Only 'Buildings' are eligible for the CTBUH 'Tallest Buildings' lists.

Building
Status
Completed
Architecturally Topped Out
Structurally Topped Out
Under Construction
Proposed
On Hold
Never Completed
Vision
Competition Entry
Canceled
Proposed Renovation
Under Renovation
Renovated
Under Demolition
Demolished
Completed, 1998
Country

The CTBUH follows the United Nations's definition of Country, and thus uses the lists and codes established by that organization.

City

The CTBUH follows the United Nations's definition of City, and thus uses the lists and codes established by that organization.

Function

A single-function tall building is defined as one where 85% or more of its usable floor area is dedicated to a single usage. Thus a building with 90% office floor area would be said to be an "office" building, irrespective of other minor functions it may also contain.

A mixed-use tall building contains two or more functions (or uses), where each of the functions occupy a significant proportion of the tower's total space. Support areas such as car parks and mechanical plant space do not constitute mixed-use functions. Functions are denoted on CTBUH "Tallest Building" lists in descending order, e.g., "hotel/office" indicates hotel function above office function.

office
Structural Material

Steel
Both the main vertical/lateral structural elements and the floor spanning systems are constructed from steel. Note that a building of steel construction with a floor system of concrete planks or concrete slab on top of steel beams is still considered a “steel” structure as the concrete elements are not acting as the primary structure.

Reinforced Concrete
Both the main vertical/lateral structural elements and the floor spanning systems are constructed from concrete which has been cast in place and utilizes steel reinforcement bars.

Precast Concrete
Both the main vertical/lateral structural elements and the floor spanning system are constructed from steel reinforced concrete which has been precast as individual components and assembled together on-site.

Mixed-Structure
Utilizes distinct systems (e.g. steel, concrete, timber), one on top of the other. For example, a steel/concrete indicates a steel structural system located on top of a concrete structural system, with the opposite true of concrete/steel.

Composite
A combination of materials (e.g. steel, concrete, timber) are used together in the main structural elements. Examples include buildings which utilize: steel columns with a floor system of reinforced concrete beams; a steel frame system with a concrete core; concrete-encased steel columns; concrete-filled steel tubes; etc. Where known, the CTBUH database breaks out the materials used in a composite building’s core, columns, and floor spanning separately.

composite
Core
Reinforced Concrete
Columns
Concrete Encased Steel
Floor Spanning
Steel
Architectural

Height is measured from the level of the lowest, significant, open-air, pedestrian entrance to the architectural top of the building, including spires, but not including antennae, signage, flag poles or other functional-technical equipment. This measurement is the most widely utilized and is employed to define the Council on Tall Buildings and Urban Habitat (CTBUH) rankings of the "World's Tallest Buildings."

240.4 m / 788.5 ft
To Tip

Height is measured from the level of the lowest, significant, open-air, pedestrian entrance to the highest point of the building, irrespective of material or function of the highest element (i.e., including antennae, flagpoles, signage and other functional-technical equipment).

240.4 m / 788.5 ft
Occupied

Height is measured from the level of the lowest, significant, open-air, pedestrian entrance to the highest occupied floor within the building.

198 m / 649.6 ft
Floors Above Ground

The number of floors above ground should include the ground floor level and be the number of main floors above ground, including any significant mezzanine floors and major mechanical plant floors. Mechanical mezzanines should not be included if they have a significantly smaller floor area than the major floors below. Similarly, mechanical penthouses or plant rooms protruding above the general roof area should not be counted. Note: CTBUH floor counts may differ from published accounts, as it is common in some regions of the world for certain floor levels not to be included (e.g., the level 4, 14, 24, etc. in Hong Kong).

50
Floors Below Ground

The number of floors below ground should include all major floors located below the ground floor level.

4
# of Parking Spaces

Number of Parking Spaces refers to the total number of car parking spaces contained within a particular building.

199
# of Elevators

Number of Elevators refers to the total number of elevator cars (not shafts) contained within a particular building (including public, private and freight elevators).

24
Tower GFA

Tower GFA refers to the total gross floor area within the tower footprint, not including adjoining podiums, connected buildings or other towers within the development.

84,665 m² / 911,326 ft²
Rankings
#
636
Tallest in the World
#
402
Tallest in Asia
#
17
Tallest in Hong Kong
#
276
Tallest Office Building in the World
#
186
Tallest Office Building in Asia
#
151
Tallest Office Building in China
#
8
Tallest Office Building in Hong Kong
#
285
Tallest Composite Building in the World
#
236
Tallest Composite Building in Asia
#
4
Tallest Composite Building in Hong Kong
Construction Schedule
1996

Construction Start

1998

Completed

Developer
Hysan Development Co. Ltd.
Architect
Design

Usually involved in the front end design, with a "typical" condition being that of a leadership role through either Schematic Design or Design Development, and then a monitoring role through the CD and CA phases.

Dennis Lau & Ng Chun Man Architects & Engineers (HK) Ltd. (DLN)
Structural Engineer
Design

The Design Engineer is usually involved in the front end design, typically taking the leadership role in the Schematic Design and Design Development, and then a monitoring role through the CD and CA phases.

Dennis Lau & Ng Chun Man Architects & Engineers (HK) Ltd. (DLN)

About Lee Garden One

Rising above the streets of Causeway Bay on Hong Kong Island, Lee Garden One is at the center of a seven tower complex constructed over the span of 35 years. The tower floors are arranged as a triangle with chamfered corners, featuring two broad sides facing towards the nearby waterfront of Victoria Harbour and maximizing the expansive views of Kowloon to the north.

The tower is flanked by a four story podium which forms a streetwall along three narrow streets at the end of the block, and reinforces the context of street geometry with its angled corners. The mid-block end of the podium meanwhile is cut away to created a landscaped terrace atop the entrance to an interior parking garage. The main façade of Lee Garden One comes directly to the sidewalk and features a tall four story lobby set behind large expanses of transparent glass without any mullions. Lee Garden One then rises as a composite structure with the tower’s 39 office floors arranged around a triangular core containing all elevators, stairways and building services. Unlike a traditional building framework with a rectilinear core containing upper floor elevator lobbies, the elevators within Lee Garden One are aligned to the core perimeter and open directly towards the office spaces.

The floor plates for the middle of the tower also extend beyond the tower footprint with 3 round lobes positioned at the corners, cantilevering outward and adding additional visual texture to the tower’s blue glass exterior. The glass curtain wall façade then rises beyond the main roof line concealing mechanical equipment and provides for a visually flat crown to the tower. An offset spire rising from the southwest corner of the tower then completes the top of Causeway Bay’s tallest building.