Marina Bay Sands Hotel Tower 2 Download PDF

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Official Name Marina Bay Sands Hotel Tower 2
Name of Complex Marina Bay Sands
Other Names Marina Bay Sands Integrated Resort - Hotel Tower 2
Structure Type Building
Status Completed
Country Singapore
City Singapore
Street Address & Map 10 Bayfront Avenue
Building Function hotel
Structural Material composite
  • Core: Reinforced Concrete
  • Columns: Concrete Encased Steel
  • Floor Spanning: Reinforced Concrete
Proposed 2005
Construction Start 2007
Completion 2010
Official Website Marina Bay Sands
Rankings Click arrows to view the next taller/shorter buildings
National Ranking #32 Tallest in Singapore
City Ranking #32 Tallest in Singapore

Companies Involved

Owner Las Vegas Sands Corporation
Developer Marina Bay Sands Pte Ltd.
Design Aedas; Moshe Safdie and Associates
Architect of Record Aedas
Structural Engineer
Design Arup; TY Lin international
MEP Engineer
Design Parsons Brinckerhoff Consultants Private Limited
Main Contractor Ssangyong Engineering & Construction
Other Consultant
• Civil TY Lin international
• Cost Rider Levett Bucknall
• Lighting Spectra Lighting
• Quantity Surveyor Rider Levett Bucknall
• Stormwater Management Fast Flow Systems Pte Ltd
• Wind Cermak Peterka Petersen (CPP), Inc.
Material Supplier
• Cladding HALFEN; Jangho Group Co., Ltd.
• Elevator KONE
• Paint/Coating Jotun

About Marina Bay Sands Hotel Tower 2

Marina Bay Sands is a high-density, mixed-use integrated resort that brings together a 2,560-room hotel, a SkyPark, convention center, shopping and dining, theaters, museum, and a casino across the water from Singapore’s central business district. The 929,000 sq m (10,000,000 sq ft) urban district anchors the Singapore waterfront, and creates a gateway to Singapore. The design approach for the complex was not as a building project, but as a microcosm of a city—rooted in Singapore’s culture, climate and contemporary life. The aim was to create an urban landscape capable of addressing the issue of megascale.

The project is designed as an urban structure that weaves together the components of a complex program into a dynamic urban crossroads and public meeting place. Inspired by great ancient cities that were ordered around a vital public thoroughfare, Marina Bay Sands is organized around two principal axes that traverse the district and give it a sense of orientation placing emphasis on the pedestrian street as the focus of civic life. Combining indoor and outdoor spaces and providing a platform for a wide array of activities, this vibrant, 21st-century cardo maximus, or grand arcade, also connects to the subway and other transportation. A series of layered gardens provide ample green space throughout the site, extending the tropical garden landscape from Marina City Park towards the Bayfront. The landscape network reinforces urban connections with the resort’s surroundings and every level of the district has green space that is accessible to the public.

The most innovative aspect of Marina Bay Sands, both conceptually and technically, is the 1 hectare (2.5 acre) SkyPark atop the hotel towers. Locating the park and hotel amenities at 200m (656ft) above the sea afforded the architect the ability to keep the majority of the project relatively low in height. The three towers anchor the district and are connected at the top by the SkyPark—an engineering marvel that is longer than the Eiffel Tower is tall and large enough to park four-and-a-half A380 jumbo jets. The 65m (213ft) cantilever of the SkyPark past the third hotel tower forms one of the world’s largest public cantilevers.

The SkyPark accommodates a public observatory, gardens, a 151 meter-long (495 foot-long) swimming pool, restaurants, and jogging paths and offers sweeping panoramic views, a formidable resource in a dense city like Singapore. Shielded from the winds and lavishly planted with hundreds of trees, the SkyPark celebrates the notion of the Garden City that has been the underpinning of Singapore’s urban design strategy.

A post-tensioned box girder was designed to achieve this incredible cantilever. The maximum depth of the box girder is 10m (33ft) at the end support from the hotel tower and generally 3.5m (11ft) deep. The lifting of the SkyPark was one of the many challenges that the project faced that required an innovative approach to the construction methods in order to facilitate one of the highest strand jacking operations ever undertaken.

The hotel towers on which the SkyPark sits has an unusual and spectacular form that creates its distinct silhouette. Each tower is formed by two curved and splayed legs that lean into one another as they rise, ultimately becoming one at the upper levels. At the ground level, the space between each tower is enclosed to create a hotel lobby and atrium, at the upper levels the space is conceived as an “urban window” that allows for views through the project. Major steel trusses form a connection between the separate segments of the building’s legs to provide a frame to transfer sheer between the towers and tie the buildings together to resist lateral forces.

CTBUH Initiatives

Marina Bay Sands Chosen as Featured Building
Mar 2011 – Featured Tall Building

Singapore Visit
12-14 Aug 2009 – Tour Report


Quay Quarter Tower: Humanizing the High-Rise
30 Oct 2017 – Kim Nielsen, 3XN

Interview: Moshe Safdie
26 Oct 2015 – Moshe Safdie, Safdie Architects

Construction CEO’s Experience in the Construction of Raffles City Complex & Marina Bay Sands Hotel
Oct 2011 – S. Joon Kim, SsangYong E&C

Research Papers

Ten Significant Tall Buildings, and the Significant Women Behind Them
8 Aug 2017 – CTBUH Journal, 2017 Issue III

The Space Between: Urban Spaces Surrounding Tall Buildings
17 Oct 2016 – Cities to Megacities: Shaping Dense Vertical Urbanism

The Other Side of Tall Buildings: The Urban Habitat
Feb 2016 – CTBUH Journal, 2016 Issue I

More Papers

Papers Related to Marina Bay Sands Hotel Tower 2

Papers Related to Marina Bay Sands Hotel Tower 2

Ten Significant Tall Buildings, and the Significant Women Behind Them
8 Aug 2017 – CTBUH Journal, 2017 Issue III; Leading Women in Tall Buildings
Recently, there has been a growing and overdue recognition in the architecture discipline that women are under-represented, not just in terms of leadership positions held…
The Space Between: Urban Spaces Surrounding Tall Buildings
17 Oct 2016 – Cities to Megacities: Shaping Dense Vertical Urbanism; James Parakh, City of Toronto Planning Division
This paper is intended to introduce the upcoming CTBUH technical guide titled “The Space Between,” which investigates the importance of publicly accessible spaces…
The Other Side of Tall Buildings: The Urban Habitat
Feb 2016 – CTBUH Journal, 2016 Issue I; Daniel Safarik, CTBUH
A growing number of tall buildings recognized by the CTBUH, through its international awards programs and research, are noteworthy not so much because of their sheer…
Case Study: Marina Bay Sands, Singapore
22 Jan 2011 – CTBUH Journal, 2011 Issue I; Moshe Safdie, Safdie Architects
Marina Bay Sands is a high-density and mixed-use integrated resort complex which was conceived as a city microcosm rooted in Singapore’s culture, climate, and…

Browse hundreds of other papers published by CTBUH members on a range of multi-disciplinary subjects in the Research Papers Library

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