Shanghai World Financial Center Download PDF


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Height: Occupied
474 m / 1,555 ft
 
Height: To Tip
494.3 m / 1,622 ft
Height: Architectural
492 m / 1,614 ft
 
Shanghai World Financial Center Outline
Height: Observatory
474 m / 1,555 ft
Floors Above Ground
101
Floors Below Ground
3
# of Elevators
91
Top Elevator Speed
10 m/s
Tower GFA
381,600 m² / 4,107,508 ft²
# of Parking Spaces
1,100

Facts

Official Name Shanghai World Financial Center
Other Names SWFC
Structure Type Building
Status Completed
Country China
City Shanghai
Street Address & Map No.100, Century Avenue, Pudong New Area
Postal Code 200120
Building Function hotel / office
Structural Material composite
Proposed 1994
Construction Start 1997
Completion 2008
Official Website Shanghai World Financial Center
Rankings Click arrows to view the next taller/shorter buildings
Global Ranking #7 Tallest in the World
Regional Ranking #4 Tallest in Asia
National Ranking #3 Tallest in China
City Ranking #2 Tallest in Shanghai

Companies Involved

Owner Shanghai World Financial Center Co., Ltd.
Developer Mori Building
Architect
Design Kohn Pedersen Fox Associates; Mori Building; Irie Miyake Architects and Engineers
Architect of Record ECADI; Shanghai Modern Architectural Design Company
Structural Engineer
Design Leslie E. Robertson Associates
MEP Engineer
Design Kenchiku Setsubi Sekkei Kenkyusho
Main Contractor China State Construction Engineering Corporation; Shanghai Construction Group
Other Consultant
Façade ALT Limited; Permasteelisa Group
• Fire Rolf Jensen & Associates
• Marketing CBRE
• Quantity Surveyor Langdon & Seah
• Wind Alan G. Davenport Wind Engineering Group
• (not specified) AECOM
Material Supplier
• Cladding HALFEN
• Elevator Hitachi, Ltd.; Otis Elevator Company; thyssenkrupp; Toshiba Elevator and Building Systems Corporation (TELC)
• Façade Maintenance Equipment CoxGomyl
• Paint/Coating AkzoNobel
• Sealants Dow Corning Corporation; Momentive
• Steel ArcelorMittal

About Shanghai World Financial Center

The Shanghai World Financial Center is a symbol of commerce and culture that speaks to the city’s emergence as a global capital. Located in Shanghai’s Pudong District, the mixed-used Shanghai World Financial Center is a vertical city, containing 62 office floors, conference facilities, urban retail and dining spaces, and a 174-room five-star Park Hyatt Hotel at the top—the world’s highest hotel from the 79th to 93rd floors. Above the hotel, at the 94th to 100th floors, is a visitors’ square and observatory.

Shaped by the intersection of two sweeping arcs and a square prism—shapes representing ancient Chinese symbols of heaven and earth, respectively—the tower’s tapering form supports programmatic efficiencies, from large floor plates at its base for offices to rectilinear floors near the top for hotel rooms. Its boldest feature, the 164-foot-wide portal carved through its upper levels relieves the enormous wind pressures on the building. The project activates the ground plane through function-specific entrance volumes (e.g., hotel, office and retail) that extend from its stone-clad base. To further connect the activities of the building to the city, the retail volume is oriented toward a public park planned for an adjacent site.

Optimizing form and function was paramount to the design, integrating the structure, mechanical systems, and exterior envelope in a modular system that repeats every 13 floors to facilitate the fabrication and installation of components, and, in turn, reduce construction time, material waste, and structural inefficiencies. The purity of the tower’s design belies the inherent complexity of the various building systems within, and is readily adaptable to the changing programmatic requirements that often arise during the long timeline of such a large project, as well as to the changing needs of building users.

The project was put on hold in 1995 after the completion of the foundations. When revived in 1999 the height and base dimensions were both increased from the original design. Reinforcing the existing piles to accommodate these changes would have been possible but costly. The new, taller structure would not only have to be made lighter, but would need to resist higher wind loads, which increase exponentially with height.

The project’s structural engineer developed a new system, employing composite mega-columns, diagonal mega-braces, steel out-riggers, belt trusses, and core wall trusses, the pile loads were redistributed to accept increased lateral loads from wind and earthquake. The stiffness of the lateral force-resisting system of the perimeter wall was increased, and as such, the original design for the perimeter framing was abandoned in favor of a diagonal-braced frame with added outrigger trusses coupled to the columns of the mega-structure. This enabled the weight of the building to be reduced by more than 10% and resulted in a reduced cost for the structure, provided for speedier construction, and significantly reduced the material that went into the building and thus made the building even more environmentally friendly.

CTBUH Initiatives

Top Company Rankings: The World’s 100 Tallest Buildings
13 Oct 2016 – CTBUH Research

Autism Speaks: Light it Up Blue
2 Apr 2015 – Event Invite

Shanghai World Financial Center Technical Tour Report
19 Sep 2014 – Tour Report

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CTBUH Initiatives Related to Shanghai World Financial Center

Top Company Rankings: The World’s 100 Tallest Buildings
13 Oct 2016, Chicago – CTBUH Research
The Council is pleased to announce the Top Company Rankings for numerous disciplines as derived from the list of projects appearing in 100 of the World’s Tallest Buildings.
Shanghai World Financial Center Technical Tour Report
19 Sep 2014, Shanghai – Tour Report
Delegates met at the lobby of the Shanghai World Financial Center for a tour, led by executives of Mori Building, of one of Shanghai’s most recognizable landmarks.
CTBUH to Study the Life Cycle of Tall Building Structural Systems
14 Nov 2012, Chicago – Event Report
ArcelorMittal has awarded a $300,000 research grant to the CTBUH to study and compare the full range of environmental effects assignable to structural systems in tall buildings.
SWFC Technical Tour Report
20 Sep 2012, Shanghai – Tour Report
The current tallest building in China at 492 meters, the World Financial Center offers unparalleled views from its skybridge.
The Tallest 20 in 2020: Entering the Era of the Megatall
8 Dec 2011, Chicago – CTBUH Research
Within this decade we will likely witness not only the world’s first kilometer-tall building, but also the completion of a significant number of buildings over 600 meters.
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Executive Director Antony Wood visited China to attend and speak at the Shanghai Expo. While in China, the foundation was set for the CTBUH 9th World Congress.
Discovering Asia, from Moscow
23 Apr-2 May 2009, Shanghai – Tour Report
Elena Shuvalova, the CTBUH Country Representative for Russia reports on the 4th Russian Intellectual Business.
CTBUH Releases Tallest Buildings Completed in 2008
Dec 2008 – CTBUH Journal Paper
Against the backdrop of global economic crisis, 2008 witnessed the most successful year of skyscraper construction to date, with more skyscrapers constructed globally within a single year than ever…
CTBUH / Nakheel Asia Tour Report
19-29 Apr 2007, Shanghai – Tour Report
CTBUH collaborated with the Dubai-based developer Nakheel and architects Woods Bagot to facilitate a 5-nation tour of seminal tall buildings in south-east Asia.
CTBUH Plaques & Signboards Initiative Begun
Oct 2004, Chicago – Event Report
CTBUH believes public skyscraper signs are a powerful and lasting way to inform the world about the official recognition of the achievements and merits of new and existing tall buildings.

Global News

Strong Winds Send Elevated Platform Flying at Shanghai WFC
2 Apr 2015 – A strong gust of wind sent an elevated platform…

Shanghai Tower Plans to Hire Leasing Agent
8 Jan 2014 – The state-owned developer of Shanghai Tower, China…

Videos

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27 Oct 2015 – Hiroo Mori, Mori Buildings

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27 Oct 2015 – Hiroo Mori, Mori Building

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27 Oct 2015 – Presentation at CTBUH 2015 New York Conference; Hiroo Mori, Mori Buildings
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Research Papers

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Aug 2016 – CTBUH Journal, 2016 Issue III

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13 Jan 2013 – Corporate Publication
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Case Study: Shanghai World Financial Center
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Shanghai World Financial Center: Without Compromise……
Mar 2008 – CTBUH 2008 8th World Congress, Dubai; Paul Katz, KPF; Leslie Robertson & SawTeen See, Leslie E. Robertson Associates
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Browse hundreds of other papers published by CTBUH members on a range of multi-disciplinary subjects in the Research Papers Library