King Abdullah Financial District

Riyadh
Height
1
To Tip:
Height is measured from the level of the lowest, significant, open-air, pedestrian entrance to the highest point of the building, irrespective of material or function of the highest element (i.e., including antennae, flagpoles, signage and other functional-technical equipment).
385 m / 1,263 ft
2
Architectural:
Height is measured from the level of the lowest, significant, open-air, pedestrian entrance to the architectural top of the building, including spires, but not including antennae, signage, flag poles or other functional-technical equipment. This measurement is the most widely utilized and is employed to define the Council on Tall Buildings and Urban Habitat (CTBUH) rankings of the "World's Tallest Buildings."
385 m / 1,263 ft
3
Occupied:
Height is measured from the level of the lowest, significant, open-air, pedestrian entrance to the highest occupied floor within the building.
352.5 m / 1,156 ft
1 2 3 PIF Tower Outline
  Floors
Above Ground
The number of floors above ground should include the ground floor level and be the number of main floors above ground, including any significant mezzanine floors and major mechanical plant floors. Mechanical mezzanines should not be included if they have a significantly smaller floor area than the major floors below. Similarly, mechanical penthouses or plant rooms protruding above the general roof area should not be counted. Note: CTBUH floor counts may differ from published accounts, as it is common in some regions of the world for certain floor levels not to be included (e.g., the level 4, 14, 24, etc. in Hong Kong).
72
Below Ground
The number of floors below ground should include all major floors located below the ground floor level.
4
Official Name
The current legal building name.

King Abdullah Financial District

Type

Complex

Status
Completed
Architecturally Topped Out
Structurally Topped Out
Under Construction
Proposed
On Hold
Never Completed
Vision
Competition Entry
Canceled
Proposed Renovation
Under Renovation
Renovated
Under Demolition
Demolished

Architecturally Topped Out

Country

Saudi Arabia

City

Riyadh

Function

exhibition / hotel / multiple / office / residential / retail

Master Planner

Henning Larsen Architects

# of Apartments

154

# of Hotel Rooms

214

Map of Buildings in Complex

Note: Only buildings that have GPS coordinates recorded are displayed.

 

List of Buildings in Complex

Please note that all heights shown in italics/red are estimated heights. These have been calculated based on known floor counts for the building, then extrapolated through analyzing typically hundreds of buildings of the same function on this database that do have confirmed heights. The user should be aware that non-standard building features, such as significant spires or raised entrances / podiums, may affect the accuracy of these estimations.

RANK
Name
Height
1 PIF Tower

385 m / 1,263 ft

2 KAFD World Trade Center

304 m / 997 ft

3 Riyad Bank Tower

264 m / 866 ft

4 Samba Bank HQ Tower

231 m / 758 ft

5 Tadawul Tower

200 m / 656 ft

6 PPA 30 Parcel 4.09

182 m / 597 ft

7 Villas in the Sky

160 m / 525 ft

8 Muqarnas Tower

157 m

515 ft

Please note that this height is estimated, based on a floor count of 36 floors. The estimation has been arrived at by analyzing 6,901 other buildings of the same Office function on this database that do have confirmed heights. The user should be aware that non-standard features, such as significant spires or raised entrances / podiums, may affect the accuracy of this estimation.
9 PPA 30 Parcel 5.05 Residential Tower

149 m / 489 ft

10 PP 10 Parcel 3.04 Office Tower

145 m / 474 ft

11 PPA 30 Parcel 3.09

138 m / 453 ft

11 PPA 30 Parcel 3.10

138 m / 453 ft

13 Crystal Tower 1

135 m / 443 ft

14 PP 10 Parcel 4.08

126 m / 413 ft

15 PPA 30 Parcel 5.05 Office Tower

125 m / 410 ft

16 PPA 30 Parcel 5.03 Tower 1

105 m / 344 ft

16 PPA 30 Parcel 2.12

105 m / 344 ft

18 PP 10 Parcel 2.14

105 m / 344 ft

19 PP 10 Parcel 1.12

102 m / 335 ft

20 PP 10 Parcel 3.04 Residential Tower

98 m / 320 ft

21 Wyndham Grand Riyadh

87 m / 286 ft

22 PP 10 Parcel 3.05 Office Tower

83 m / 274 ft

23 PPA 30 Parcel 5.01

83 m / 272 ft

23 PPA 30 Parcel 1.11

83 m / 272 ft

25 PPA 30 Parcel 4.01

82 m

269 ft

Please note that this height is estimated, based on a floor count of 21 floors. The estimation has been arrived at by analyzing 452 other buildings of the same Residential / Office function on this database that do have confirmed heights. The user should be aware that non-standard features, such as significant spires or raised entrances / podiums, may affect the accuracy of this estimation.
26 PP 10 Parcel 4.07

81 m / 266 ft

27 Crystal Tower 2

80 m / 262 ft

28 PPA 30 Parcel 5.06

77 m / 253 ft

29 PPA 30 Parcel 5.03 Tower 2

76 m / 248 ft

30 PP 10 Parcel 3.05 Residential Tower

67 m / 220 ft

31 Vertical Medina

66 m / 218 ft

32 The Butterfly

66 m / 217 ft

33 Cascading Condos

60 m / 197 ft

34 PPA 30 Parcel 2.11

55 m / 180 ft

35 PPA 30 Parcel 2.07 Tower A

49 m / 160 ft

36 PPA 30 Parcel 2.05 Office Tower

48 m / 157 ft

37 KAFD Conference Centre

42 m / 137 ft

38 PPA 30 Parcel 2.05 Residential Tower

40 m / 131 ft

39 PPA 30 Parcel 2.07 Tower B

39 m

128 ft

Please note that this height is estimated, based on a floor count of 9 floors. The estimation has been arrived at by analyzing 6,901 other buildings of the same Office function on this database that do have confirmed heights. The user should be aware that non-standard features, such as significant spires or raised entrances / podiums, may affect the accuracy of this estimation.
39 PPA 30 Parcel 2.07 Tower C

39 m

128 ft

Please note that this height is estimated, based on a floor count of 9 floors. The estimation has been arrived at by analyzing 6,901 other buildings of the same Office function on this database that do have confirmed heights. The user should be aware that non-standard features, such as significant spires or raised entrances / podiums, may affect the accuracy of this estimation.
41 PP 10 Parcel 2.09

35 m / 113 ft

42 The Financial Plaza

27 m / 88 ft

43 PPA 30 Parcel 2.08

- m / - ft

43 The Gem Building

- m / - ft

CTBUH Awards & Distinctions

Façade Engineering Award 2021 Award of Excellence

2021 CTBUH Awards

Best Tall Building, by Region, Middle East & Africa 2023 Award of Excellence

2023 CTBUH Awards

 

CTBUH Initiatives

The Middle East: 30+ Years of Building Tall

28 November 2018 - CTBUH Research

Top Company Rankings: The World’s 100 Tallest Buildings

13 October 2016 - CTBUH Research

 

Videos

20 August 2015

The Design of the Capital Market Authority Tower, Riyadh

HOK's Roger Soto discusses the design of the Capital Market Authority Tower in Riyadh.

Research

03 January 2022

Interactive Study on Tall Buildings in 2021: A State of Current Construction

CTBUH Research

The Council on Tall Buildings and Urban Habitat has released its annual report, CTBUH Year in Review: Tall Trends of 2021, part of the Tall...

Global News

18 April 2023

Tadawul Tower Awaits Grand Opening

With its completion at the end of 2022, Tadawul Tower in Riyadh awaits only final interior work before its expected grand opening in a few...

 

20 August 2015

The Design of the Capital Market Authority Tower, Riyadh

HOK's Roger Soto discusses the design of the Capital Market Authority Tower in Riyadh.

19 September 2012

The Next Generation of Ultra High-Rise Buildings

In recent times, several invitations have been issued by Governmental and Private Bodies to develop the next tallest building in the world, often with target...

18 September 2014

Human Scale in Vertical Urbanism

As global cities continue their horizontal sprawl, climate change bears down on our finite natural resources, and energy costs and population growth soar, it is...

03 January 2022

Interactive Study on Tall Buildings in 2021: A State of Current Construction

CTBUH Research

The Council on Tall Buildings and Urban Habitat has released its annual report, CTBUH Year in Review: Tall Trends of 2021, part of the Tall...

30 January 2020

Tall Building Predictions for 2020

CTBUH Research

The combined brains of the CTBUH editorial and database staff boldly predict what might happen across the global skyscraper industry in 2020. Check out our...

20 October 2018

The Middle East: 30+ Years of Building Tall

CTBUH Research

The Middle East region is hosting its first CTBUH International Conference since 2008. In that year, there were 119 completed buildings of 150 meters or...

01 December 2016

An Overview of Structural & Aesthetic Developments in Tall Buildings Using Exterior Bracing & Diagrid Systems

Kheir Al-Kodmany, University of Illinois; Mir M. Ali, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign

There is much architectural and engineering literature which discusses the virtues of exterior bracing and diagrid systems in regards to sustainability - two systems which...

26 October 2015

Iconic Office Tower Propels Saudi Arabia into the New Global Century: Challenges and Innovations

Roger Soto, HOK; Basem Al-Shihabi, Omrania & Associates

As the centerpiece of the King Abdullah Financial District, the Capital Market Authority (CMA) Tower is evidence of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia’s economic diversification...

31 December 2014

Interactive Study on Year in Review: Tall Trends of 2014

Daniel Safarik, Antony Wood, Marty Carver & Marshall Gerometta, CTBUH

An All-Time Record 97 Buildings of 200 Meters or Higher Completed in 2014 and 2014 showed further shifts towards Asia, and also surprising developments in...

14 November 2013

The Middle East: 20 Years of Building Skyscrapers

CTBUH Research

Twenty years ago, the Middle East contained only one skyscraper over 150 meters in height. It is now estimated that by the end of 2015...

01 April 2013

Fast-growing Saudi Arabia Embraces Tall Buildings

John Harris, Jones Lang LaSalle

Amid a rapidly changing cultural and economic landscape in Saudi Arabia, John Harris, co-head of Jones Lang LaSalle’s Saudi Arabia office, discusses the shifts in...

16 October 2023

Humanizing High Density

CTBUH Research

The theme “Humanizing High Density—People, Nature & the Urban Realm” for the CTBUH 2023 International Conference comes at a pertinent moment: Today intersecting are a...

26 October 2015

A Tale of Towers and Cities: A Contextual Approach to Vertical Urbanism

Louis Becker & Julian Chen, Henning Larsen Architects

While the ever increasing global interchange of capitals and ideas have created immense opportunities and growth in cities around the world, the physical manifestation of...

28 November 2018

The Middle East: 30+ Years of Building Tall

CTBUH has released a Tall Buildings in Numbers (TBIN) interactive data study examining the relationship between high-rise growth and population in the Middle East.

13 October 2016

Top Company Rankings: The World’s 100 Tallest Buildings

The Council is pleased to announce the Top Company Rankings for numerous disciplines as derived from the list of projects appearing in 100 of the World’s Tallest Buildings.