KAFD World Trade Center
Height 304 m / 997 ft
Floors 67
Official Name

The current legal building name.

KAFD World Trade Center
Other Names

Other names the building has commonly been known as, including former names, common informal names, local names, etc.

PPA 30 Parcel 1.15
Name of Complex

A complex is a group of buildings which are designed and built as pieces of a greater development.


CTBUH collects data on two major types of tall structures: 'Buildings' and 'Telecommunications / Observation Towers.' A 'Building' is a structure where at least 50% of the height is occupied by usable floor area. A 'Telecommunications / Observation Tower' is a structure where less than 50% of the structure's height is occupied by usable floor area. Only 'Buildings' are eligible for the CTBUH 'Tallest Buildings' lists.

Architecturally Topped Out
Structurally Topped Out
Under Construction
On Hold
Never Completed
Competition Entry
Proposed Renovation
Under Renovation
Under Demolition
Architecturally Topped Out, 2021

The CTBUH follows the United Nations's definition of Country, and thus uses the lists and codes established by that organization.


The CTBUH follows the United Nations's definition of City, and thus uses the lists and codes established by that organization.

Postal Code

A single-function tall building is defined as one where 85% or more of its usable floor area is dedicated to a single usage. Thus a building with 90% office floor area would be said to be an "office" building, irrespective of other minor functions it may also contain.

A mixed-use tall building contains two or more functions (or uses), where each of the functions occupy a significant proportion of the tower's total space. Support areas such as car parks and mechanical plant space do not constitute mixed-use functions. Functions are denoted on CTBUH "Tallest Building" lists in descending order, e.g., "hotel/office" indicates hotel function above office function.

Structural Material

Both the main vertical/lateral structural elements and the floor spanning systems are constructed from steel. Note that a building of steel construction with a floor system of concrete planks or concrete slab on top of steel beams is still considered a “steel” structure as the concrete elements are not acting as the primary structure.

Reinforced Concrete
Both the main vertical/lateral structural elements and the floor spanning systems are constructed from concrete which has been cast in place and utilizes steel reinforcement bars.

Precast Concrete
Both the main vertical/lateral structural elements and the floor spanning system are constructed from steel reinforced concrete which has been precast as individual components and assembled together on-site.

Utilizes distinct systems (e.g. steel, concrete, timber), one on top of the other. For example, a steel/concrete indicates a steel structural system located on top of a concrete structural system, with the opposite true of concrete/steel.

A combination of materials (e.g. steel, concrete, timber) are used together in the main structural elements. Examples include buildings which utilize: steel columns with a floor system of reinforced concrete beams; a steel frame system with a concrete core; concrete-encased steel columns; concrete-filled steel tubes; etc. Where known, the CTBUH database breaks out the materials used in a composite building’s core, columns, and floor spanning separately.


Height is measured from the level of the lowest, significant, open-air, pedestrian entrance to the architectural top of the building, including spires, but not including antennae, signage, flag poles or other functional-technical equipment. This measurement is the most widely utilized and is employed to define the Council on Tall Buildings and Urban Habitat (CTBUH) rankings of the "World's Tallest Buildings."

304 m / 997 ft
To Tip
304 m / 997 ft
300 m / 984 ft
Floors Above Ground

The number of floors above ground should include the ground floor level and be the number of main floors above ground, including any significant mezzanine floors and major mechanical plant floors. Mechanical mezzanines should not be included if they have a significantly smaller floor area than the major floors below. Similarly, mechanical penthouses or plant rooms protruding above the general roof area should not be counted. Note: CTBUH floor counts may differ from published accounts, as it is common in some regions of the world for certain floor levels not to be included (e.g., the level 4, 14, 24, etc. in Hong Kong).

Tower GFA

Tower GFA refers to the total gross floor area within the tower footprint, not including adjoining podiums, connected buildings or other towers within the development.

137,483 m² / 1,479,855 ft²
Construction Schedule



Construction Start



About KAFD World Trade Center

The result of an international design competition, KAFD World Trade Center is the second tallest building within the massive King Abdullah Financial District, Riyadh's newest central business district built from scratch in one construction cycle. The new district needed a central focal point for the emerging skyline and this was the driving initiative behind establishing a pair of supertall buildings in center of the new development. Unlike typical supertall office towers which are often anchored by large corporate users taking on large blocks of interior space, the KAFD World Trade Center was designed with small and medium size companies in mind, businesses which need less space but still desire a prestigious address and location.

The exterior of the building was envisioned as a solid rock split in two. The split is envisioned as a wadi, a usually dry valley or gorge in the desert which becomes a river in periods of rainfall. This wadi concept is turned vertical through the building, forming an interior atrium around which offices spaces are arranged and accessed without the use of typical long hallways.

The exterior is clad in a series of composite panels which had to be designed to account for the harsh conditions of the Arabian climate, including extreme temperature differentials between night and day, as well as high winds and blowing sands. These panels cover more than 40,000 square meters of the building’s total exterior. The monolithic form of the tower is broken by a pattern of large holes between the panels giving way to windows as well as the implied split in the center which is then clad with a glass curtain wall.

The KAFD World Trade Center contains a public observatory and stands as highly accessible centerpiece of the new business district containing over 3 million square meters of occupiable space and operating as a self contained city.

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