The Council on Tall Buildings and Urban Habitat (CTBUH) publishes a yearly
study that examines all 200-meter-plus tall buildings that were completed
that year. The charts and descriptions are interactive.
The astronomical growth in tall building construction observed over the past decade continued in 2018, though the total number of completed buildings of 200 meters’ or greater height
leveled off at 143, after hitting an all-time record of 147 in 2017. The total number of 200-meter-and-higher buildings in the world is now 1,478, a 141 percent increase from 614,
in 2010. The year recorded 18 “supertall” buildings of 300 meters or greater height, more than any year previously.
China has been a major driver of tall building completions in recent years. Click the button above to view the graph controlling for China and see the
Completions by Country tab for more information.
Note: Only countries with at least two completions in 2018 are included in this chart.
One 200 m+ tall building was also completed during 2018 in these countries: Argentina, Australia, Mexico, Philippines, Saudi Arabia,
Singapore, Turkey, and Vietnam.
has maintained its reign as the most prolific country when it comes to the construction of tall buildings, with 88
completions in 2018, for 61.5 percent of the total. This is a record for China, exceeds last year’s figure by eight,
and represents an even greater proportion of the global total than the 2017 figure of 54.4 percent.
China’s previous record was set in 2016, with 86 buildings of 200 meters or higher.
Note: Two or fewer tall buildings 200 m+ in height were also completed during 2018 in
these cities: Bogota, Buenos Aires, Chengdu, Chicago, Chongqing, Hangzhou, Ho Chi Minh City, Hong Kong, Istanbul, Jeddah, Jinan,
Johor Bahru, Kunming, Kuwait City, Lanzhou, Luoyang, Melbourne, Mexico City, Miami, Nanchang, Philadelphia, Qingdao, Quezon City,
Rizhao, San Francisco, Sanya, Singapore, Suzhou, Taipei, Toronto, Xiamen, Zhenjiang, and Zhuhai.
Once again, outdoing its own record from last year, Shenzhen,
China, recorded 14 completions, making this the third year in
a row in which the city completed the world’s largest number of 200-meter-plus buildings, and comprising nearly 10 percent of the
global total. Dubai
was in second place with 10 completions, followed by Beijing, New York City, and Shenyang in a tie for third place,
with eight each.
With 109 buildings, representing 76 percent of the total, Asia remained at the top of the rankings in 2018, recording slightly fewer than its 2017 total of 113 buildings of at least 200 meters in height.
The Middle East performed better in 2018 than in the previous year, logging 13 completions, against nine for the region in 2017. This represents 9.1 percent of the global total.
North America rang in as a distant second place in the total number of 200-meter-plus building completions, with 16 in 2018, representing 11.2 percent of the global total. Nevertheless, this is a new record for the region, topping the prior record of 15 in 2017.
Europe recorded the completion of only one building of 200 meters or greater, the Nurol Life building in Istanbul, Turkey, at 220 meters. This is a decline from 2017, when Europe recorded four completions.
and Oceania: The South Pacific region also was relatively quiet in 2018, recording just one 200-meter-plus building completion, the Victoria One in Melbourne,
Australia. This is a decline from two in 2017 (also both in Melbourne), and three in 2018.
The preponderance of
as the primary function in completed buildings 200 meters and higher
continued in 2018, logging 60 buildings of 200 meters or greater height, down slightly from 61 buildings in 2017, and increasing the
overall share to 42 percent from 41.5 percent.
functions declined to 45 buildings, or 31.5 percent, from 47 buildings and
a 32 percent share in 2017.
completions declined to 35 buildings, or 24.5 percent of the total, compared to 36 buildings and
a 24.5 percent share in 2017. The only other function to see an increased number of completions, if only slightly, was
hotel, which had
three completions in 2018, against two in 2017.
The role of
as the primary structural material solidified further in 2018, comprising the
structure of 90 out of 143 buildings 200 meters and higher, a 62.9 percent share. This is an increase from 74 (51 percent) in 2017.
structures, which use more than one material in spanning and supporting elements, constituted 50 (35 percent) of the
buildings completed in 2018; a decrease in number and proportion from 2017, when the number was 64 (44.4 percent). "Mixed-use" structures,
which employ distinct systems, one on top of the other, typically switching with a change of use, were in only two completions in 2018,
representing 1.4 percent of the total.
There was only one
building of at least 200 meters completed in 2018, 181 Fremont in San Francisco,
a 245-meter residential and office building.
The dominance of Asia as a region in terms of the proportion of the World’s 100 Tallest
Buildings continued to grow in 2018, rising to 59 buildings, from 54 in 2017. The Middle East accounted for 23, a decrease from 26 in
2017, and from 24 in 2016. North America has 14 of the 100 tallest, down one from 15 in 2017. Europe’s figure dropped, to three, from
four in 2017 and two in 2016. One of the Tallest 100 is in
– the Q1 Tower in Australia’s Gold Coast
(323 meters, rank number 85), which was completed in 2005.
<p>Mixed-use remained the dominant function in the 100 Tallest in 2018, reflecting 47
buildings, an increase of two from 2017. The figure for office functions was 38, down one from 2017. There were 10 buildings of at
least 200 meters with an all-residential function completed in 2018, the same as in 2017; hotels represented five buildings in 2018,
down from six in 2017. </p>
Composite materials again constituted the majority of the primary
structures of the World’s 100 Tallest Buildings, increasing the share to 57 buildings in 2018 from 52 in 2017.
Concrete was the primary material in the structures of 30 buildings, a decrease from 33 in 2017. The number of all-steel
buildings in the Tallest 100 dropped from 10 in 2017 to nine in 2018. Those buildings reported as being of “mixed” construction,
in which distinctive sections of the buildings are predominantly steel or concrete, decreased to four in 2018,
down from five in 2017. </p>
Skyline: Tallest Building by Year
China Zun, Beijing, was the tallest building to complete in 2018,
at 528 meters. It is now the fourth-tallest building in China and the eighth-tallest building in the world.
Skyline: Tallest 2018 Completions
The average height of 200-meter-plus buildings completed in 2018 was 247
meters, a slight increase over the 244-meter figure for 2017. The average height of the World’s 100 Tallest Buildings grew
again, to 381 meters, from 372 in 2017 meters. Meanwhile, the average height of the 20 tallest buildings completed in a
given year again rose, to 353 meters in 2018, up from 350 meters in 2017.
The total number of 200-meter-and-higher buildings in the world is now
1,478, a 141 percent increase from 614, in 2010.
The number of individual cities that recorded at least one 200-meter-plus
completion was 51 in 2018, down from a record high of 69 in 2017, representing 19 countries, against 23 countries in 2017.
Sixteen new buildings entered the 100 Tallest list in 2018, up from 14
in 2017. The all-time record of new entries to the 100 Tallest was set in 2011, with 18 buildings joining that year.
Last year was the first in which a supertall building did not enter the 100 Tallest list.