CTBUH Platinum Member

HOK, Inc.

About

Member Since: 1986

Member Offices: New York City, Toronto

Website: http://www.hok.com/

HOK is a global design, architecture, engineering and planning firm. Through a network of 23 offices worldwide, HOK provides design excellence and innovation to create places that enrich people's lives and help clients succeed. DesignIntelligence consistently ranks HOK as a leader in sustainable, high-performance design and technology innovation.

Fields of Expertise

Architecture; Cost Consulting; Engineering, Multi-discipline; Façade Design / Engineering; Façade Systems; Financial Industry; Historical Preservation; Interior Design; Project Management; Seismic Design; Structural Engineering; Urban Design

Buildings

Please note that all heights shown in italics/red are estimated heights. These have been calculated based on known floor counts for the building, then extrapolated through analyzing typically hundreds of buildings of the same function on this database that do have confirmed heights. The user should be aware that non-standard building features, such as significant spires or raised entrances / podiums, may affect the accuracy of these estimations.

Rank
Name
Status

Completed

Architecturally Topped Out

Structurally Topped Out

Under Construction

On Hold

Proposed

Vision

Never Completed

Demolished

Competition Entry

Canceled

Proposed Renovation

Under Renovation

Renovated

Under Demolition

Height

1

PIF Tower

385 m / 1,263 ft

2

85 Sky Tower

347.5 m / 1,140 ft

3

NEVA TOWERS 2

345 m / 1,132 ft

4

ADNOC Headquarters

342 m / 1,122 ft

5

Zhonghai City Plaza

339.9 m / 1,115 ft

6

Keangnam Hanoi Landmark Tower

328.6 m / 1,078 ft

7

600 Travis Street

305.4 m / 1,002 ft

8

NEVA TOWERS 1

297 m / 974 ft

9

1600 Louisiana

261.8 m / 859 ft

10

Crystal Tower

240 m / 787 ft

Ctbuh Leaders

Stefan Abidin

Stefan Abidin

CTBUH Advisory Group, 2022 – Present

Toronto

Building Completions Timeline

Videos

27 October 2015

2015 New York Conference - Session 5b - Q&A

Roger Soto, HOK; Louis Becker, Henning Larsens Architects; and Pierre Marcout, Prisme Entertainment, answer questions at the end of 2015 New York Conference Session 5b:...

View all

Research

20 October 2018

Polycentric Cities: The Future of Vertical Urbanism

As we approach the new normality of cities housing 10 million or more inhabitants, those best positioned for the future are evolving along polycentric, multi-nodal...

View all

Global News

21 October 2022

New Insurance Headquarters Building Coming to Downtown Omaha's Skyline

Mutual of Omaha’s new headquarters will be adding a proposed 44-story skyscraper in the heart of downtown. The now-completed construction plans for the US$600 million...

View all

Associated companies

Please note that all heights shown in italics/red are estimated heights. These have been calculated based on known floor counts for the building, then extrapolated through analyzing typically hundreds of buildings of the same function on this database that do have confirmed heights. The user should be aware that non-standard building features, such as significant spires or raised entrances / podiums, may affect the accuracy of these estimations.

Rank
Name
City
Height

1

Shizimen CBD Tower

Zhuhai

680 m

2,231 ft

2

Dalian Greenland Center

Dalian

518 m

1,699 ft

3

Welcome Square Tower

Jakarta

450 m

1,476 ft

4

Fairwell International Center

Xiamen

397 m

1,302 ft

5

PIF Tower

Riyadh

385 m

1,263 ft

6

Sun Center Office Tower I

Jakarta

378 m

1,240 ft

6

Sun Center Office Tower II

Jakarta

378 m

1,240 ft

8

85 Sky Tower

Kaohsiung

348 m

1,140 ft

9

NEVA TOWERS 2

Moscow

345 m

1,132 ft

10

ADNOC Headquarters

Abu Dhabi

342 m

1,122 ft

11

Zhonghai City Plaza

Tianjin

340 m

1,115 ft

12

Keangnam Hanoi Landmark Tower

Hanoi

329 m

1,078 ft

13

600 Travis Street

Houston

305 m

1,002 ft

14

NEVA TOWERS 1

Moscow

297 m

974 ft

15

One Main Place

Houston

265 m

869 ft

16

Da Kang Square

Shenzhen

265 m

869 ft

17

1600 Louisiana

Houston

262 m

859 ft

18

Lippo Sixty One Plaza

Cikarang

261 m

858 ft

19

Arena Central Tower

Birmingham

245 m

804 ft

20

Crystal Tower

Kuwait City

240 m

787 ft

21

The Central Bank of Kuwait New Headquarters Building

Kuwait City

239 m

782 ft

22

Atlantis Hotel Sanya

Sanya

236 m

774 ft

23

Spire London

London

235 m

771 ft

24

China Merchants Financial Center

Nanjing

232 m

761 ft

25

Intercontinental Hotel and Tower

Kuwait City

225 m

738 ft

26

Keraton at the Plaza

Jakarta

225 m

738 ft

27

Fulbright Tower

Houston

221 m

725 ft

28

Bakrie Tower

Jakarta

214 m

702 ft

29

Halk Bank Headquarters Tower 1

Istanbul

208 m

682 ft

30

Mutual of Omaha Headquarters

Omaha

206 m

677 ft

31

Great American Tower at Queen City Square

Cincinnati

203 m

665 ft

32

200 Public Square

Cleveland

201 m

658 ft

33

City Centre Rotana Doha

Doha

200 m

656 ft

33

Shangri-La Hotel

Doha

200 m

656 ft

35

Merweb Hotel City Center

Doha

200 m

656 ft

36

Marriott Marquis City Center Doha Hotel

Doha

200 m

656 ft

36

Marriott Marquis City Center Doha Hotel South Tower

Doha

200 m

656 ft

38

The Plaza Office Tower

Jakarta

200 m

656 ft

39

Wisma Mulia

Jakarta

195 m

640 ft

40

Sheikh Zayed 01

Lahore

195 m

640 ft

41

801 Grand

Des Moines

192 m

630 ft

42

One Oxford Centre

Pittsburgh

188 m

615 ft

43

Al Sahab Tower I

Dubai

187 m

614 ft

44

JAKA Tower

Makati

186 m

610 ft

45

Mesk Tower

Dubai

185 m

607 ft

45

Murjan Tower

Dubai

185 m

607 ft

47

Samsung Electronics Research & Development Center Phase II

Suwon

185 m

607 ft

48

333 South Wabash

Chicago

183 m

601 ft

49

Marina Terrace

Dubai

183 m

600 ft

50

Flame Tower 1

Baku

182 m

596 ft

51

One Metropolitan Square

St. Louis

181 m

593 ft

52

Shinmay Union Square I

Shanghai

180 m

591 ft

52

Shinmay Union Square II

Shanghai

180 m

591 ft

54

900 Pine Street

St. Louis

179 m

588 ft

55

Robinsons Equitable Tower

Pasig

175 m

574 ft

56

The # Central Park II 203

Incheon

175 m

573 ft

57

Robinsons Summit Center

Makati

174 m

571 ft

58

Greenland Plaza Apartment Block 1

Dalian

172 m

564 ft

58

Greenland Plaza Apartment Block 2

Dalian

172 m

564 ft

58

Greenland Plaza Apartment Block 3

Dalian

172 m

564 ft

61

LIU East

San Pedro Garza García

172 m

564 ft

62

Four Seasons Hotel

Shanghai

172 m

564 ft

63

The # Central Park III Tower 1

Incheon

170 m

558 ft

63

The # Central Park III Tower 2

Incheon

170 m

558 ft

65

Thomas Eagleton Federal Courthouse

St. Louis

170 m

557 ft

66

Shenzhen Development Center

Shenzhen

165 m

542 ft

67

Samba Bank Tower

Riyadh

165 m

541 ft

68

Flame Tower 2

Baku

165 m

540 ft

69

Four Seasons Hotel and Private Residences

Nashville

164 m

539 ft

70

Daelim Acrovill One

Seoul

163 m

535 ft

70

Daelim Acrovill Two

Seoul

163 m

535 ft

72

The # Central Park I 101

Incheon

163 m

535 ft

72

The # Central Park I 102

Incheon

163 m

535 ft

72

The # Central Park I 103

Incheon

163 m

535 ft

75

Flame Tower 3

Baku

161 m

528 ft

76

707 17th Street

Denver

159 m

522 ft

77

One Churchill Place

London

156 m

513 ft

78

Halk Bank Headquarters Tower 2

Istanbul

156 m

512 ft

79

Fifth Street Towers II

Minneapolis

154 m

504 ft

80

35 Mariner

Toronto

153 m

503 ft

81

The # Central Park II 201

Incheon

153 m

501 ft

81

The # Central Park II 202

Incheon

153 m

501 ft

83

Topwin Center & InterContinental Beijing Sanlitun

Beijing

150 m

492 ft

84

Federal Office Building at Foley Square

New York City

150 m

492 ft

85

One McKinley Place

Taguig City

149 m

489 ft

86

717 Texas Avenue

Houston

138 m

453 ft

87

Al Mass Tower

Dubai

138 m

453 ft

88

Daelim Acrotel

Seoul

137 m

449 ft

89

Omni Fort Worth Hotel

Fort Worth

136 m

447 ft

90

Regions Harbert Plaza

Birmingham (AL)

133 m

437 ft

91

Wisma GKBI

Jakarta

131 m

430 ft

92

Torre HSBC

Mexico City

131 m

430 ft

93

Finland House

New York City

130 m

427 ft

94

Fairmont Hotel

Chicago

130 m

426 ft

95

Wells Fargo Center

Sacramento

129 m

423 ft

96

World Trade Center

Bangalore

128 m

420 ft

97

JW Marriott Convention Hotel

Austin

124 m

408 ft

98

Al Yass Tower

Dubai

124 m

407 ft

99

Benson Tower

New Orleans

124 m

406 ft

100

Johns Manville Plaza

Denver

123 m

404 ft

101

Galter Pavilion

Chicago

123 m

402 ft

102

10 Navy Wharf Court

Toronto

123 m

402 ft

103

Grand Hyatt Jakarta

Jakarta

122 m

400 ft

104

5 Mariner Terrace

Toronto

117 m

384 ft

105

Otis Research Center

Bristol (CT)

117 m

383 ft

106

Rosslyn Twin Tower One

Arlington

116 m

381 ft

107

Rosslyn Twin Tower Two

Arlington

116 m

381 ft

108

Centene Plaza Two

Clayton

116 m

380 ft

109

535 Mission Street

San Francisco

115 m

379 ft

110

Reforma 265

Mexico City

115 m

377 ft

111

JW Marriott Indianapolis Downtown

Indianapolis

115 m

376 ft

112

222 East 41st Street

New York City

114 m

375 ft

112

600 Washington

St. Louis

114 m

375 ft

114

Sam Gibbons Federal Courthouse

Tampa

114 m

375 ft

115

Lake Merritt Plaza

Oakland

113 m

371 ft

116

Fifth Street Towers I

Minneapolis

108 m

356 ft

117

Esquire Plaza

Sacramento

108 m

355 ft

118

No. 1 West India Quay

London

108 m

354 ft

119

Albuquerque Plaza

Albuquerque

107 m

351 ft

120

UŠĆE Office Tower 1

Belgrade

105 m

345 ft

121

Sheraton Incheon Hotel

Incheon

102 m

333 ft

122

150 California Street

San Francisco

101 m

330 ft

123

Limelight Condominiums Phase 2

Mississauga

100 m

328 ft

124

Fairooz Tower

Dubai

98 m

322 ft

125

3 Navy Wharf Court

Toronto

97 m

318 ft

126

One Civic Center Plaza

Denver

95 m

310 ft

127

River North Marriott Suites

Chicago

91 m

298 ft

128

Feinberg Pavillion

Chicago

91 m

297 ft

129

Four Seasons Hotel St. Louis

St. Louis

88 m

289 ft

130

H&R Block World Headquarters

Kansas City

88 m

287 ft

131

50 Kennedy Plaza

Providence

87 m

285 ft

132

Bollo Lane Plot 3A

London

86 m

284 ft

133

The Royal London Hospital

London

86 m

283 ft

134

Anbar Tower

Dubai

85 m

279 ft

135

Bank of America Tower

St. Louis

84 m

275 ft

136

550 North Brand Boulevard

Glendale, CA

84 m

275 ft

137

Equitable Building

St. Louis

83 m

272 ft

138

The Condominiums at North Bank Park

Columbus

81 m

267 ft

139

Elephant Park-Plot H11b Block A

London

81 m

267 ft

140

USF Health Morsani College of Medicine & Heart Institute

Tampa

81 m

266 ft

141

IJ-Toren

Amsterdam

80 m

262 ft

142

KMOV Gateway Tower

St. Louis

80 m

261 ft

143

Westin River North

Chicago

76 m

248 ft

144

Limelight Condominiums Phase 1

Mississauga

75 m

246 ft

145

United States Federal Courthouse

Miami

75 m

246 ft

146

InterContinental Houston Medical Center

Houston

74 m

244 ft

147

Wake County Public Safety Center

Raleigh

74 m

241 ft

148

Miami-Dade County Children's Courthouse

Miami

71 m

232 ft

149

Westin Oaks

Houston

68 m

222 ft

150

Crystal Plaza II

Arlington

66 m

218 ft

151

77 Charles West

Toronto

66 m

216 ft

152

Bacardi Global Headquarters

Coral Gables

66 m

215 ft

153

One Technology Center

Tulsa

64 m

211 ft

154

The Millennium

Arlington

61 m

200 ft

155

Three White Flint North

Montgomery County, MD (Unincorporated)

59 m

195 ft

156

Aloft Chicago City Center, Fairfield Inn River North, Hyatt Place River North

Chicago

58 m

190 ft

157

5 Allen Center

Houston

- m

- ft

158

655 West Madison Street North Tower

Chicago

- m

- ft

159

369-371 North Main Street

Memphis

- m

- ft

160

655 West Madison Street South Tower

Chicago

- m

- ft

161

Strata

Kansas City

- m

- ft

162

Bollo Lane Plot 2F

London

- m

- ft

163

Bollo Lane Plot 2D

London

- m

- ft

164

Bollo Lane Plot 2C

London

- m

- ft

165

Bollo Lane Plot 2E

London

- m

- ft

166

The Allen 1

Houston

- m

- ft

166

The Allen 2

Houston

- m

- ft

166

The Allen 3

Houston

- m

- ft

166

The Allen 4

Houston

- m

- ft

Statistics

Average Building Age*

21 Years

Most Common Function*

Office (42%)

Most Common Material*

Concrete (70%)

* Based on 150 m+ buildings currently in the database

Based on 65 buildings over 150 m height with a function
 
Based on 50 buildings over 150 m height with a material
 

Building Completions Timeline

Building Map

Construction Time Chart

NOTE: Construction start time is not available for all buildings. The average construction time is only displayed if there is three or more buildings with construction start and complete data in that year.

Designated Experts

Kenneth Drucker

Design Principal; Design Principal, HOK, Inc.

Ctbuh Leaders At HOK, Inc.

CTBUH Advisory Group, 2022 – Present

Stefan Abidin

Senior Associate, HOK, Inc.

27 October 2015 | New York City

2015 New York Conference - Session 5b - Q&A

Roger Soto, HOK; Louis Becker, Henning Larsens Architects; and Pierre Marcout, Prisme Entertainment, answer questions at the end of 2015 New York Conference Session 5b:...

27 October 2015 | New York City

Iconic Office Tower Propels Saudi Arabia into the New Global Century: Challenges and Innovations

As the centerpiece of the King Abdullah Financial District, the CMA Tower is evidence of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia’s economic diversification strategy. The faceted...

20 August 2015 | Riyadh

The Design of the Capital Market Authority Tower, Riyadh

HOK's Roger Soto discusses the design of the Capital Market Authority Tower in Riyadh.

18 January 2013 | Shanghai

How Will Tall Buildings be Different in 20 Years?

Industry leaders answering this question include: Kenneth Drucker, HOK; James Goettsch, Goettsch Partners; Keith Griffiths, Aedas; David Malott, KPF; Adrian Smith, AS+GG; Rafael Viñoly, Rafael...

21 September 2012 | Shanghai

Biomimicry Inspired Design for Nine Towers at Central Park in New Songdo City

The nine 45-60 story towers designed by HOK in New Songdo City along the edge of the new Central Park highlight the integration of high...

20 September 2012 | Shanghai

Interview: Biomimicry

Kenneth Drucker of HOK is interviewed by Jeff Herzer during the 2012 CTBUH Shanghai Congress at the Jin Mao, Shanghai. Kenneth discusses biomimicry and its...

20 October 2018

Polycentric Cities: The Future of Vertical Urbanism

CTBUH 2018 Conference Speakers

As we approach the new normality of cities housing 10 million or more inhabitants, those best positioned for the future are evolving along polycentric, multi-nodal...

26 October 2015

Iconic Office Tower Propels Saudi Arabia into the New Global Century: Challenges and Innovations

Roger Soto, HOK; Basem Al-Shihabi, Omrania & Associates

As the centerpiece of the King Abdullah Financial District, the Capital Market Authority (CMA) Tower is evidence of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia’s economic diversification...

16 September 2014

Performance of Shadow Boxes in Curtain Wall Assemblies

Mikkel Kragh, Stanley Yee & Lawrence D. Carbary, Dow Corning; Neil McClellan, HOK

As increased urban density needs influence the verticality of our built environment, scales of economy and practical efficiency of curtain wall design and construction constitute...

19 September 2012

Biomimicry Inspired Design for Nine Towers at Central Park in New Songdo City

Kenneth Drucker, HOK New York

The 9 45-60 story towers designed by HOK in New Songdo City along the edge of the new Central Park highlight the integration of high...

21 October 2022

New Insurance Headquarters Building Coming to Downtown Omaha's Skyline

Mutual of Omaha’s new headquarters will be adding a proposed 44-story skyscraper in the heart of downtown. The now-completed construction plans for the US$600 million...

28 February 2022

Mutual of Omaha Seeking Funding for New Skyscraper

Mutual of Omaha is requesting up to US$68.6 million in tax-increment financing to help with construction of a new skyscraper in downtown Omaha. If the city...

28 January 2022

Plan Revealed for Downtown Omaha Skyscraper Along Streetcar Line

Downtown Omaha may see a new high-rise corporate headquarters and a new midtown streetcar line—with no projected tax increase—under a new development plan announced by Mutual...

26 January 2022

Bid to Revive Stalled Skyscraper in London

Developers want to revive HOK’s stalled Spire London skyscraper, which faced a backlash four years ago after it was revealed the design included only one...

23 July 2020

Renovations Revealed for Houston Tower, Along With Major Deal

Hines, the international real estate firm, and an affiliate of Cerberus Capital Management, L.P. (Cerberus), a global leader in alternative investing, announced on 13 July...

22 April 2020

Investment Firm Acquires Stake in Moscow Skyscraper Project

Russian investment firm Metrika Investments has purchased the office part of Renaissance Development's flagship IFC NEVA TOWERS scheme, in what is considered the largest Russian...

22 April 2020

Investment Firm Acquires Stake in Moscow Skyscraper Project

Russian investment firm Metrika Investments has purchased the office part of Renaissance Development's flagship IFC NEVA TOWERS scheme, in what is considered the largest Russian...

26 June 2019

Two Downtown Houston Skyscrapers to be Sold for US$627 Million

The downtown Houston skyscraper commonly called JPMorgan Chase Tower, located at 600 Travis St., and the adjacent Chase Center building are reportedly being sold in...

23 May 2019

Vacant St. Louis Skyscraper May Have a Buyer

The vacant AT&T skyscraper at 900 Pine Street in downtown St. Louis, empty since the fall of 2017, may finally get a new owner. During...

07 May 2019

Hotel and Condo Tower is the Latest Addition to a Nashville Skyline on the Rise

Work is underway at SoBro’s 151 site (i.e., South of Broadway at 151 First Avenue) to become one of downtown Nashville’s four largest skyscrapers. The...

CTBUH Initiatives Involving HOK, Inc.

CTBUH New York Hosts Seminar: Linking Style with Function

28 February 2019

CTBUH New York Chapter hosted a presentation on LaGuardia Airport's new Terminal B, joined by speakers from the project's design teams.

CTBUH New York Chapter Hosts Discussion on Health Care Design

14 November 2018

The CTBUH New York Future Leaders Committee hosted a discussion on strategies for healthcare resiliency, featuring architects, engineers, project managers and owners.

CTBUH Italy Co-Hosts the 7th Tall Buildings Conference in Milan

07 June 2017

CTBUH Italy co-hosted the seventh edition of the one-day International Tall Buildings Conference held in Milan, which focused on various challenges of tall buildings.

Top Company Rankings: The World’s 100 Tallest Buildings

13 October 2016

The Council is pleased to announce the Top Company Rankings for numerous disciplines as derived from the list of projects appearing in 100 of the World’s Tallest Buildings.

CTBUH 13th Annual Awards Executive Table Sponsor

06 November 2014

The CTBUH 13th Annual awards ceremony and dinner was held immediately after the daytime Symposium in nearby S.R. Crown Hall.

CTBUH 2013 London Conference Silver+ Sponsor

11–13 June 2013

In the midst of two decades of unprecedented tall building development globally, Europe has increasingly embraced the skyscraper, even in cities seen as “anti-tall.”